8-K


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 8-K
 
CURRENT REPORT
PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
Date of Report (Date of Earliest Event Reported): October 19, 2015
 
HAWAIIAN HOLDINGS, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)
 
Delaware
 
1-31443
 
71-0879698
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation)
 
(Commission File Number)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
 
3375 Koapaka Street, Suite G-350, Honolulu, HI 96819
(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)
 
(808) 835-3700
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)
 
Not Applicable
(Former Name or Former Address, if Changed Since Last Report)
 
Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:
 
o Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
 
o Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
 
o Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
 
o Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

Item 2.02.     Results of Operations and Financial Condition.
 
On October 19, 2015 the Registrant issued a press release announcing its financial results for the quarter ended September 30, 2015 (the "Press Release").  A copy of the Press Release is furnished as Exhibit 99.1 to this report and incorporated herein by reference.
 
None of the information furnished in this Item 2.02 and in Exhibit 99.1 shall be deemed to be “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and unless expressly set forth by specific reference in such filings, shall not be incorporated by reference in any filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, whether made before or after the date hereof and regardless of any general incorporation language in such filings.

 
Item 9.01.     Financial Statements and Exhibits.
 





(d) Exhibits.
 
99.1

Hawaiian Holdings Reports 2015 Third Quarter Financial Results, Press Release, Dated October 19, 2015.
 
SIGNATURE
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.
 
Dated: October 19, 2015
 
 
 
 
HAWAIIAN HOLDINGS, INC.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
By:
/s/ Shannon L. Okinaka
 
 
Name:
Shannon L. Okinaka
 
 
Title:
Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer
EXHIBIT INDEX
 
99.1

Hawaiian Holdings Reports 2015 Third Quarter Financial Results, Press Release, Dated October 19, 2015.
 



Exhibit
Exhibit 99.1
 
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Monday, October 19, 2015
 
COMPANY CONTACT:
Shannon Okinaka, EVP & CFO - (808) 835-3700
Shannon.Okinaka@HawaiianAir.com
 
INVESTOR RELATIONS CONTACT:
Ashlee Kishimoto, Sr. Director - (808) 838-5421
Ashlee.Kishimoto@HawaiianAir.com
 
 
 
 
 
MEDIA RELATIONS CONTACT:
Alison Croyle, Director - (808) 835-3886
Alison.Croyle@HawaiianAir.com
 
Hawaiian Holdings Reports 2015 Third Quarter Financial Results
 
HONOLULU — Hawaiian Holdings, Inc. (NASDAQ: HA) (“Holdings” or the “Company”), parent company of Hawaiian Airlines, Inc. (“Hawaiian”), today reported its financial results for the third quarter of 2015.
 
·                  GAAP net income of $70.0 million or $1.15 per diluted share.
·                  Adjusted net income of $78.4 million or $1.29 per diluted share, an increase of $28.9 million or $0.50 cents per diluted share year-over-year.
·                  Adjusted pre-tax margin of 20.0% compared to 12.6% in the prior year period.
·                  Unrestricted cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments of $611 million.
·                  Achieved leverage target at 3.1x.        
 
“We’re pleased with our third quarter results and with the outlook for the remainder of the year” said Mark Dunkerley, Hawaiian Airlines president and chief executive officer. “Lower fuel prices and strong demand in each of our geographies is more than making up for the growth in industry capacity between the US west coast and Hawai‘i and the strength of the US dollar. Meanwhile, by our high standards we've had a disappointing summer operationally. The combined effects of a gate shortage at Honolulu resulting in part from airport construction and an abrupt change in air traffic control procedures lengthening our flights led to delays for our guests. I would like to thank all of the great employees at Hawaiian since, throughout it all, they’ve worked incredibly hard to mitigate the impact of these external challenges.”

Statistical data, as well as a reconciliation of the reported non-GAAP financial measures, can be found in the accompanying tables.
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
As of September 30, 2015 the Company had:
 
·                  Unrestricted cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments of $611 million.
·                  Outstanding debt and capital lease obligations of approximately $914 million consisting of the following:
·                  $665 million under secured loan agreements to finance a portion of the purchase price for 11 Airbus A330-200 aircraft.
·                  $123 million under secured loan agreements to finance a portion of the purchase price for 15 Boeing 717-200 aircraft.
·                  $97 million in capital lease obligations to finance the acquisition of an Airbus A330-200, two Boeing 717-200 aircraft and aircraft-related equipment.
·                  $26 million under floating rate notes to finance the acquisition of two Boeing 767-300 ER aircraft.
·                  $3 million of convertible senior notes.

In the third quarter, the Company repurchased $1 million (principal balance) of its convertible senior notes outstanding. Repurchases to date have totaled $83 million (principal balance) or 96% of the originally issued principal amount, thereby eliminating the need for the Company to issue 10.5 million shares of its common stock when the notes may have otherwise converted to common stock.

In addition, during the third quarter the Company repurchased 0.9 million shares of its common stock for approximately $20 million for a year-to-date total of 1.6 million shares and $38 million under its previously announced $100 million stock repurchase program.

Third Quarter 2015 Highlights
 
Operational

·                 Ranked #1 nationally for on-time performance for the months of June and July 2015.

Product and loyalty

·            The comprehensive interior retrofit of the Company's neighbor island fleet remains on schedule for completion by the end of 2015 with 14 of 18 Boeing 717 aircraft completed at the end of the third quarter.
·            Enhanced in-flight service for routes from Japan to Hawai‘i.
·            Official airline of the Oakland Raiders for the 2015 National Football League season.
·            New onboard safety video featuring Hawaiian Airlines crew members and their family members taking guests on a journey to their favorite locations throughout the Hawaiian islands.

Schedule

·               Los Angeles to Lihu‘e, winter seasonal service in December 2015 with new year round service commencing in January 2016.


Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2015 Outlook
 
The table below summarizes the Company’s expectations for the fourth quarter and full year ending December 31, 2015, expressed as an expected percentage change compared to the results for the corresponding quarter and full year ended December 31, 2014 (the historical results for which are presented for reference).

 
 
Fourth Quarter
 
 
Item
 
2014
 
Fourth Quarter 2015 Guidance
Cost per ASM Excluding Fuel (cents)
 
8.12

 
Up 3% to up 6%
Operating Revenue Per ASM (cents)
 
13.47

 
Down 2.5% to down 5.5%
ASMs (millions)
 
4,269.0

 
Up 2% to up 4%
Gallons of jet fuel consumed (millions)
 
57.9

 
Down 1% to up 1%
Economic fuel cost per gallon (a)
 
$
2.84

 
$1.75 to $1.85
 
 
 
Full Year
 
 
Item
 
2014
 
Full Year 2015 Guidance
Cost per ASM Excluding Fuel (cents)
 
8.15

 
Up 1% to up 3%
ASMs (millions)
 
17,073.6

 
Up 3% to up 5%
Gallons of jet fuel consumed (millions)
 
230.2

 
Up 0.5% to up 2.5%
Economic fuel cost per gallon (a)
 
$
3.03

 
$2.00 to $2.10

(a) Economic fuel cost per gallon estimates are based on the October 14, 2015 fuel forward curve.

Investor Conference Call
 
Hawaiian Holdings’ quarterly earnings conference call is scheduled to begin today (October 19, 2015) at 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time (USA). The conference call will be broadcast live over the Internet. Investors may listen to the live audio webcast on the investor relations section of the Company’s website at www.HawaiianAirlines.com. For those who are not available for the live webcast, the call will be archived for 90 days on Hawaiian’s investor website.
 
About Hawaiian Airlines
 
Hawaiian® has led all U.S. carriers in on-time performance for each of the past 11 years (2004-2014) as reported by the U.S. Department of Transportation. Consumer surveys by Condé Nast Traveler, Travel + Leisure and Zagat have all ranked Hawaiian the highest of all domestic airlines serving Hawai‘i.

Now in its 86th year of continuous service, Hawaiian is Hawai‘i’s biggest and longest-serving airline, as well as the largest provider of passenger air service from its primary visitor markets on the U.S. mainland. Hawaiian offers nonstop service to Hawai‘i from more U.S. gateway cities (11) than any other airline, along with service from Japan, South Korea, China, Australia, New Zealand, American Samoa and Tahiti. Hawaiian also provides approximately 160 jet flights daily between the Hawaiian Islands, with a total of more than 200 daily flights system-wide.

Hawaiian Airlines, Inc. is a subsidiary of Hawaiian Holdings, Inc. (NASDAQ: HA). Additional information is available at HawaiianAirlines.com. Follow updates on Twitter about Hawaiian (@HawaiianAir) and its special fare offers (@HawaiianFares), and become a fan on its Facebook page.

Forward-Looking Statements
 
This press release contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 that reflect the Company’s current views with respect to certain current and future events and financial performance.  Such forward-looking statements include, without limitation, the Company’s expectations regarding cost per available seat mile excluding fuel, available seat miles, gallons of jet fuel consumed and economic fuel cost per gallon, each for the quarter and full year ending December 31, 2015; the Company's expectations regarding operating revenue per available seat mile for the quarter ending December 31, 2015; the Company's timing expectations regarding the refurbishment of its Boeing 717 aircraft; the statement of the Company's CEO regarding expectations for the remainder of 2015; and statements as to other matters that do not relate strictly to historical facts or statements of assumptions underlying any of the foregoing.  Words such as “expects,” “anticipates,” “projects,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “estimates,” variations of such words, and similar expressions are also intended to identify such forward-looking statements.  These forward-looking statements are and will be, as the case may be, subject to many risks, uncertainties and assumptions relating to the Company’s operations and business environment, all of which may cause the Company’s actual results to be materially different from any future results, expressed or implied, in these forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include, without limitation, the Company’s ability to accurately forecast quarter and year-end results; economic volatility; the price and availability of aircraft fuel; fluctuations in demand for transportation in the markets in which the Company operates; the Company’s dependence on tourist travel; foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations; and the Company’s ability to implement its growth strategy and related cost reduction goals.

The risks, uncertainties and assumptions referred to above that could cause the Company’s results to differ materially from the results expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements also include the risks, uncertainties and assumptions discussed from time to time in the Company’s other public filings and public announcements, including the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014 and the Company’s subsequent Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, as well as other documents that may be filed by the Company from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission.  All forward-looking statements included in this document are based on information available to the Company on the date hereof.  The Company does not undertake to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances that may arise after the date hereof even if experience or future changes make it clear that any projected results expressed or implied herein will not be realized.



Table 1.
Hawaiian Holdings, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(in thousands, except for per share data) (unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
% Change
 
2015
 
2014
 
% Change
 
 
(unaudited)
 
(unaudited)
Operating Revenue:
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Passenger
 
$
556,929

 
$
566,985

 
(1.8
)%
 
$
1,525,461

 
$
1,541,795

 
(1.1
)%
Other
 
74,809

 
72,477

 
3.2
 %
 
217,852

 
198,245

 
9.9
 %
Total
 
631,738

 
639,462

 
(1.2
)%
 
1,743,313

 
1,740,040

 
0.2
 %
Operating Expenses:
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Aircraft fuel, including taxes and delivery
 
105,483

 
182,219

 
(42.1
)%
 
329,329

 
527,497

 
(37.6
)%
Wages and benefits
 
125,884

 
114,469

 
10.0
 %
 
369,875

 
334,441

 
10.6
 %
Aircraft rent
 
29,544

 
26,724

 
10.6
 %
 
86,732

 
79,098

 
9.7
 %
Maintenance, materials and repairs
 
56,196

 
51,293

 
9.6
 %
 
168,512

 
168,002

 
0.3
 %
Aircraft and passenger servicing
 
30,284

 
31,848

 
(4.9
)%
 
87,948

 
92,929

 
(5.4
)%
Commissions and other selling
 
30,305

 
32,015

 
(5.3
)%
 
91,217

 
94,123

 
(3.1
)%
Depreciation and amortization
 
26,061

 
24,384

 
6.9
 %
 
78,777

 
70,960

 
11.0
 %
Other rentals and landing fees
 
24,728

 
23,637

 
4.6
 %
 
70,807

 
65,855

 
7.5
 %
Other
 
48,576

 
46,704

 
4.0
 %
 
142,859

 
139,335

 
2.5
 %
Total
 
477,061

 
533,293

 
(10.5
)%
 
1,426,056

 
1,572,240

 
(9.3
)%
Operating Income
 
154,677

 
106,169

 
45.7
 %
 
317,257

 
167,800

 
89.1
 %
Nonoperating Income (Expense):
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense and amortization of debt discounts and issuance costs
 
(13,506
)
 
(17,104
)
 
 
 
(42,742
)
 
(48,111
)
 
 
Interest income
 
691

 
471

 
 
 
2,052

 
1,088

 
 
Capitalized interest
 
698

 
1,834

 
 
 
2,966

 
6,584

 
 
Losses on fuel derivatives
 
(25,009
)
 
(27,892
)
 
 
 
(28,670
)
 
(28,506
)
 
 
Loss on extinguishment of debt
 
(54
)
 

 
 
 
(7,296
)
 

 
 
Other, net
 
(4,515
)
 
(5,114
)
 
 
 
(9,325
)
 
(3,804
)
 
 
Total
 
(41,695
)
 
(47,805
)
 
 
 
(83,015
)
 
(72,749
)
 
 
Income Before Income Taxes
 
112,982

 
58,364

 
 
 
234,242

 
95,051

 
 
Income tax expense
 
42,953

 
22,789

 
 
 
89,496

 
37,224

 
 
Net Income
 
$
70,029

 
$
35,575

 
 
 
$
144,746

 
$
57,827

 
 
Net Income Per Share
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
1.30

 
$
0.66

 
 
 
$
2.67

 
$
1.08

 
 
Diluted
 
$
1.15

 
$
0.56

 
 
 
$
2.32

 
$
0.94

 
 
Weighted Average Number of Common Stock Shares Outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
53,731

 
53,878

 
 
 
54,266

 
53,359

 
 
Diluted
 
60,828

 
63,050

 
 
 
62,481

 
61,685

 
 




Table 2.
Hawaiian Holdings, Inc.
Selected Statistical Data (unaudited)
 
 
 
Three months ended September 30,
 
 
 
Nine months ended September 30,
 
 
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
% Change
 
2015
 
2014
 
% Change
 
 
(in thousands, except as otherwise indicated)
Scheduled Operations (c) :
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 

 
 
Revenue passengers flown
 
2,830

 
2,707

 
4.5
 %
 
8,010

 
7,638

 
4.9
 %
Revenue passenger miles (RPM)
 
3,882,903

 
3,780,301

 
2.7
 %
 
10,816,530

 
10,402,081

 
4.0
 %
Available seat miles (ASM)
 
4,660,211

 
4,499,108

 
3.6
 %
 
13,326,602

 
12,795,342

 
4.2
 %
Passenger revenue per RPM (Yield)
 

14.34
¢
 

15.00
¢
 
(4.4
)%
 

14.10
¢
 

14.82
¢
 
(4.9
)%
Passenger load factor (RPM/ASM)
 
83.3
%
 
84.0
%
 
(0.7) pt.

 
81.2
%
 
81.3
%
 
(0.1) pt.

Passenger revenue per ASM (PRASM)
 

11.95
¢
 

12.60
¢
 
(5.2
)%
 

11.45
¢
 

12.05
¢
 
(5.0
)%
Total Operations (c) :
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 

 
 
Revenue passengers flown
 
2,833

 
2,709

 
4.6
 %
 
8,014

 
7,641

 
4.9
 %
Revenue passenger miles (RPM)
 
3,884,851

 
3,783,584

 
2.7
 %
 
10,822,970

 
10,410,466

 
4.0
 %
Available seat miles (ASM)
 
4,663,198

 
4,502,856

 
3.6
 %
 
13,334,528

 
12,804,599

 
4.1
 %
Passenger load factor (RPM/ASM)
 
83.3
%
 
84.0
%
 
(0.7) pt.

 
81.2
%
 
81.3
%
 
(0.1) pt.

Operating revenue per ASM (RASM)
 

13.55
¢
 

14.20
¢
 
(4.6
)%
 

13.07
¢
 

13.59
¢
 
(3.8
)%
Operating cost per ASM (CASM)
 

10.23
¢
 

11.84
¢
 
(13.6
)%
 

10.69
¢
 

12.28
¢
 
(12.9
)%
CASM excluding aircraft fuel (b)
 

7.97
¢
 

7.80
¢
 
2.2
 %
 

8.22
¢
 

8.16
¢
 
0.7
 %
Aircraft fuel expense per ASM (a)
 

2.26
¢
 

4.04
¢
 
(44.1
)%
 

2.47
¢
 

4.12
¢
 
(40.0
)%
Revenue block hours operated
 
45,404

 
43,688

 
3.9
 %
 
131,057

 
124,012

 
5.7
 %
Gallons of jet fuel consumed
 
61,179

 
60,232

 
1.6
 %
 
176,175

 
172,333

 
2.2
 %
Average cost per gallon of jet fuel (actual) (a)
 
$
1.72

 
$
3.03

 
(43.2
)%
 
$
1.87

 
$
3.06

 
(38.9
)%
Economic fuel cost per gallon (a)(d)
 
$
1.95

 
$
3.10

 
(37.1
)%
 
$
2.12

 
$
3.10

 
(31.6
)%
 
(a)          Includes applicable taxes and fees.
(b)         Represents adjusted unit costs, a non-GAAP measure. The Company believes this is a useful measure because it better reflects its controllable costs. See Table 4 for a reconciliation of operating expenses excluding aircraft fuel.
(c)          Includes the operations of the Company's contract carrier under a capacity purchase agreement.
(d) See Table 3 for a reconciliation of economic fuel costs.




Table 3.
Hawaiian Holdings, Inc.
Economic Fuel Expense
(in thousands, except per-gallon amounts) (unaudited)
 
The Company believes that economic fuel expense is the best measure of the effect of fuel prices on its business as it most closely approximates the net cash outflow associated with the purchase of fuel for its operations in a period.  The Company defines economic fuel expense as GAAP fuel expense plus (gains)/losses realized through actual cash (receipts)/payments received from or paid to hedge counterparties for fuel hedge derivative contracts settled during the period.
 
 
 
Three months ended September 30,
 
 
 
 Nine months ended September 30,
 
 
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
% Change
 
2015
 
2014
 
% Change
 
 
(in thousands, except per-gallon amounts)
 
 
 
(in thousands, except per-gallon amounts)
 
 
Aircraft fuel expense, including taxes and delivery
 
$
105,483

 
$
182,219

 
(42.1
)%
 
$
329,329

 
$
527,497

 
(37.6
)%
Realized losses on settlement of fuel derivative contracts
 
13,777

 
4,632

 
197.4
 %
 
44,921

 
6,530

 
587.9
 %
Economic fuel expense
 
$
119,260

 
$
186,851

 
(36.2
)%
 
$
374,250

 
$
534,027

 
(29.9
)%
Fuel gallons consumed
 
61,179

 
60,232

 
1.6
 %
 
176,175

 
172,333

 
2.2
 %
Economic fuel costs per gallon
 
$
1.95

 
$
3.10

 
(37.1
)%
 
$
2.12

 
$
3.10

 
(31.6
)%

Table 4.
Hawaiian Holdings, Inc.
Non-GAAP Financial Reconciliation
(in thousands, except per-share and CASM data) (unaudited)
 
The Company evaluates its financial performance utilizing various GAAP and non-GAAP financial measures, including net income, diluted net income per share, CASM, PRASM, RASM, Passenger Revenue per RPM and EBITDAR.  Pursuant to Regulation G, the Company has included the following reconciliation of reported non-GAAP financial measures to comparable financial measures reported on a GAAP basis.  The adjustments are described below:

Changes in fair value of derivative contracts, net of tax, are based on market prices for open contracts as of the end of the reporting period. This line item includes the unrealized amounts of fuel and interest rate derivatives (not designated as hedges) that will settle in future periods and the reversal of prior period unrealized amounts. Excluding the impact of these derivative adjustments allows investors to better analyze our operational performance and compare our results to other airlines in the periods presented below.

Loss on extinguishment of debt, net of tax, is excluded to allow investor to better analyze the Company's core operational performance and more readily compare its results to other airlines in the periods presented below.








 
 
Three months ended September 30,
 
Nine months ended September 30,
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
 
Net Income
 
Diluted Net Income Per Share
 
Net Income
 
Diluted Net Income Per Share
 
Net Income
 
Diluted Net Income Per Share
 
Net Income
 
Diluted Net Income Per Share
As reported - GAAP
 
$
70,029

 
$
1.15

 
$
35,575

 
$
0.56

 
$
144,746

 
$
2.32

 
$
57,827

 
$
0.94

Add: changes in fair value of derivative contracts, net of tax
 
8,370

 
0.14

 
13,956

 
0.23

 
(8,492
)
 
(0.14
)
 
13,185

 
0.21

Add: loss on extinguishment of debt, net of tax
 
34

 

 

 

 
4,385

 
0.07

 

 

Adjusted net income
 
$
78,433

 
$
1.29

 
$
49,531

 
$
0.79

 
$
140,639

 
$
2.25

 
$
71,012

 
$
1.15


 
 
Three months ended September 30,
 
Nine months ended September 30,
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Income Before Income Taxes, as reported
 
$
112,982

 
$
58,364

 
$
234,242

 
$
95,051

Add: changes in fair value of derivative contracts
 
13,500

 
22,260

 
(13,984
)
 
21,976

Add: loss on extinguishment of debt
 
54

 

 
7,296

 

Adjusted Income Before Income Taxes
 
$
126,536

 
$
80,624

 
$
227,554

 
$
117,027


Operating Costs per Available Seat Mile (CASM)
The Company has separately listed in the table below its fuel costs per ASM and non-GAAP unit costs, excluding fuel. These amounts are included in CASM, but for internal purposes the Company consistently uses cost metrics that exclude fuel and non-recurring items (if applicable) to measure and monitor its costs.

 
 
Three months ended September 30,
 
Nine months ended September 30,
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
GAAP operating expenses
 
$
477,061

 
$
533,293

 
$
1,426,056

 
$
1,572,240

Less: aircraft fuel, including taxes and delivery
 
(105,483
)
 
(182,219
)
 
(329,329
)
 
(527,497
)
Adjusted operating expenses - excluding aircraft fuel
 
$
371,578

 
$
351,074

 
$
1,096,727

 
$
1,044,743

Available Seat Miles
 
4,663,198

 
4,502,856

 
13,334,528

 
12,804,599

CASM - GAAP
 

10.23
¢
 

11.84
¢
 

10.69
¢
 

12.28
¢
Less: aircraft fuel
 
(2.26
)
 
(4.04
)
 
(2.47
)
 
(4.12
)
CASM - excluding aircraft fuel
 

7.97
¢
 

7.80
¢
 

8.22
¢
 

8.16
¢

Pre-tax margin
The Company excludes unrealized gains from fuel derivative contracts and losses on extinguishment of debt from pre-tax margin for the same reasons as described above.
 
 
Three months ended September 30,
 
Nine months ended September 30,
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Pre-Tax Margin, as reported
 
17.9
%
 
9.1
%
 
13.4
 %
 
5.5
%
Add: changes in fair value of derivative contracts
 
2.1
%
 
3.5
%
 
(0.7
)%
 
1.2
%
Add: loss on extinguishment of debt
 
%
 
%
 
0.4
 %
 
%
Pre-Tax Margin, adjusted
 
20.0
%
 
12.6
%
 
13.1
 %
 
6.7
%




Leverage ratio
The Company uses adjusted total debt, including aircraft rent, in addition to long-term adjusted debt and capital leases, to represent long-term financial obligations. The Company excludes unrealized (gains) losses from fuel derivative contracts, the interest rate derivative contract and losses on extinguishment of debt from earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization and rent (EBITDAR) for the reasons as described above. Management believes this metric is helpful to investor in assessing the company’s overall debt.

 
 
Twelve months ended
 
 
September 30, 2015
Debt and capital lease obligations
 
$
914,413

Plus: Aircraft leases capitalized at 7x last twelve months' aircraft rent
 
798,392

Adjusted debt and capital lease obligations
 
$
1,712,805

 
 
 
EBITDAR:
 
 
Income Before Income Taxes
 
$
252,638

Add back:
 
 
Interest and amortization of debt expense
 
58,871

Depreciation and amortization
 
104,192

Rent expense
 
114,056

EBITDAR
 
$
529,757

 
 
 
Adjustments:
 
 
Add: changes in fair value of derivative contracts
 
7,147

Add: Loss on extinguishment of debt
 
11,181

Adjusted EBITDAR
 
$
548,085

 
 
 
Leverage Ratio
 
3.1
x