Report of unscheduled material events or corporate changes.

8-K
8-K


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 8-K
 
CURRENT REPORT
PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
Date of Report (Date of Earliest Event Reported): January 26, 2016
 
HAWAIIAN HOLDINGS, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)
 
Delaware
 
1-31443
 
71-0879698
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation)
 
(Commission File Number)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
 
3375 Koapaka Street, Suite G-350, Honolulu, HI 96819
(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)
 
(808) 835-3700
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)
 
Not Applicable
(Former Name or Former Address, if Changed Since Last Report)
 
Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:
 
o Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
 
o Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
 
o Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
 
o Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

Item 2.02.     Results of Operations and Financial Condition.
 
On January 26, 2016 the Registrant issued a press release announcing its financial results for the fourth quarter and full year ended December 31, 2015.  A copy of the press release is furnished as Exhibit 99.1 to this report and incorporated herein by reference.
 
All of the information furnished in this report (including Exhibit 99.1) shall not be deemed to be “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and unless expressly set forth by specific reference in such filings, shall not be incorporated by reference in any filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, whether made before or after the date hereof and regardless of any general incorporation language in such filings.
 
Item 9.01.     Financial Statements and Exhibits.
 
(d) Exhibits.





 
99.1

Hawaiian Holdings Reports 2015 Fourth Quarter and Full Year Financial Results, Press Release, Dated January 26, 2016
 
SIGNATURE
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.
 
Dated: January 26, 2016
 
 
 
 
HAWAIIAN HOLDINGS, INC.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
By:
/s/ Shannon L. Okinaka
 
 
Name:
Shannon L. Okinaka
 
 
Title:
Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer
EXHIBIT INDEX
 
99.1

Hawaiian Holdings Reports 2015 Fourth Quarter and Full Year Financial Results, Press Release, Dated January 26, 2016



Exhibit
Exhibit 99.1
 
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Tuesday, January 26, 2016
 
COMPANY CONTACT:
Shannon Okinaka, EVP & CFO - (808) 835-3700
Shannon.Okinaka@HawaiianAir.com
 
INVESTOR RELATIONS CONTACT:
Ashlee Kishimoto, Sr. Director - (808) 838-5421
Ashlee.Kishimoto@HawaiianAir.com
 
 
 
 
 
MEDIA RELATIONS CONTACT:
Alison Croyle, Director - (808) 835-3886
Alison.Croyle@HawaiianAir.com
 
Hawaiian Holdings Reports 2015 Fourth Quarter and Full Year Financial Results
 
HONOLULU — January 26, 2016 — Hawaiian Holdings, Inc. (NASDAQ: HA) (“Holdings” or the “Company”), parent company of Hawaiian Airlines, Inc. (“Hawaiian”), today reported its financial results for the fourth quarter and full year 2015.
 
·                  GAAP net income in the fourth quarter grew to $37.9 million or $0.66 per diluted share, a year-over-year increase of $26.8 million or $0.49 per diluted share. For the full year, GAAP net income grew to $182.6 million or $2.98 per diluted share, a year-over-year increase of $113.7 million or $1.88 per diluted share.
·                  Adjusted net income in the fourth quarter grew to $48.5 million or $0.85 per diluted share, an increase of $22.4 million or $0.45 cents per diluted share year-over-year. For the full year, adjusted net income grew to $189.3 million or $3.09 per diluted share compared to $97.1 million or $1.55 per diluted share in the prior year.
·                  GAAP pre-tax margin increased to 10.7% and 12.7% for the fourth quarter and full year 2015, respectively.
·                  Adjusted pre-tax margin increased to 13.8% and 13.2% for the fourth quarter and full year 2015, respectively.
·                  The Company lowered its leverage ratio to 2.7x in 2015 while maintaining a strong cash position of $560 million in unrestricted cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments.
       
“Our fourth quarter results finish off a great year for Hawaiian,” said Mark Dunkerley, Hawaiian Airlines president and chief executive officer. “The low cost of fuel, robust demand in all of our major geographies, manageable industry capacity growth between the US mainland and Hawai‘i in the second half of the year, and the wonderful customer service delivered by my colleagues on the ground and in the air have combined for a record setting 2015. The strong financial results validate the decision we made to grow rapidly in the last five years. The cash flow we generated in 2015 was used to pay down a portion of the debt we took on to finance our growth and for the further strengthening of our balance sheet. Looking forward, our outlook is for these positive trends to continue and the headwind of a strong US dollar in our international markets to decelerate, giving us a measure of confidence that 2016 will be an even better year for our business.”
Statistical data, as well as a reconciliation of the reported non-GAAP financial measures, can be found in the accompanying tables.
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
As of December 31, 2015 the Company had:
 
·                  Unrestricted cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments of $560 million.
·                  Outstanding debt and capital lease obligations of approximately $772 million consisting of the following:
·                  $559 million outstanding under secured loan agreements to finance a portion of the purchase price for 9 Airbus A330-200 aircraft.
·                  $118 million outstanding under secured loan agreements to finance a portion of the purchase price for 15 Boeing 717-200 aircraft.
·                  $95 million in capital lease obligations to finance the acquisition of an Airbus A330-200, two Boeing 717-200 aircraft and aircraft-related equipment.
·                  $0.3 million of outstanding Convertible Senior Notes.

The Company early retired $124 million (principal balance) of existing debt in the fourth quarter. Early debt repurchases and debt retirement for the full year 2015 totaled $195 million (principal balance).

In addition, the Company repurchased 0.1 million shares or $2.5 million of common stock in the fourth quarter. Full year repurchases totaled 1.7 million shares or $40.2 million of common stock under its current $100 million stock repurchase program.

2015 Highlights

 Operational
 
· 
Ranked as one of the top domestic airlines by Travel + Leisure for 2015.
· 
Ranked #1 nationally for on-time performance for the 12-months ended November 2015 by the U.S. Department of Transportation Air Travel Consumer Report.
·
Flew a record 10.7 million passengers in 2015, a 4.7% increase over the previous year.
·
Ratified two agreements for five-year contracts with the International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers (IAM), increasing compensation for 2,200 employees.
 
New routes and increased frequencies
 
·
Expanded summer seasonal service from California (Los Angeles and Oakland) to Kaua‘i and Kona in 2015 and announced the return of seasonal service in 2016 with an increase to daily service between Los Angeles and Kaua‘i.
·
Announced expanded service to Japan with a fourth non-stop destination from Honolulu with daily non-stop service between Honolulu and Tokyo's Narita International Airport (NRT) beginning July 22, 2016.

Product and loyalty

·
Announced a new A330 premium cabin with 180-degree lie-flat seats beginning in 2016.
·
Completed the comprehensive interior retrofit for the Boeing 717-200 aircraft fleet.
·
Debuted a new on-board safety video featuring Hawaiian Airlines crew members and their families taking guests on a journey to their favorite locations throughout the Hawaiian islands.
·
Official airline of the Oakland Raiders for the 2015 National Football League season.

Fleet and financing

·
Added three A330-200 aircraft under lease financing and returned two Boeing 767-300 aircraft at the end of their leases.
·
Entered into a six-year lease agreement for one A330-200 aircraft with a delivery date of summer 2016.
·
Purchased three ATR 72 turbo-prop aircraft in an all-cargo configuration for expansion of Hawaiian's cargo service.

First Quarter and Full Year 2016 Outlook
 
The table below summarizes the Company’s expectations for the first quarter ending March 31, 2016 and the full year ending December 31, 2016, expressed as an expected percentage change compared to the results for the quarter ended March 31, 2015 or the year ended December 31, 2015, as applicable (the results for which are presented for reference).

 
 
First Quarter
 
 
Item
 
2015
 
First Quarter 2016 Guidance
Cost per ASM Excluding Fuel (cents)
 
8.46

 
Up 3% to up 6%
Operating Revenue Per ASM (cents)
 
12.77

 
Down 1.5% to up 1.5%
ASMs (millions)
 
4,229.7

 
Up 2.5% to up 4.5%
Gallons of jet fuel consumed (millions)
 
57.0

 
Up 1% to up 3%
Economic fuel cost per gallon (a)
 
$2.21

 
$1.50 to $1.60
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Full Year
 
 
Item
 
2015
 
Full Year 2016 Guidance
Cost per ASM Excluding Fuel (cents)
 
8.31

 
Up in the low single digit range
ASMs (millions)
 
17,726.3

 
Up 2.5% to up 5.5%
Gallons of jet fuel consumed (millions)
 
234.2

 
Up 1.5% to up 4.5%
Economic fuel cost per gallon (a)
 
$2.04

 
$1.35 to $1.45

(a) Economic fuel cost per gallon estimates are based on the January 25, 2016 fuel forward curve.

Investor Conference Call
 
Hawaiian Holdings’ quarterly and full year earnings conference call is scheduled to begin today (January 26, 2016) at 4:30 p.m. Eastern Time (USA). The conference call will be broadcast live over the Internet. Investors may listen to the live audio webcast on the investor relations section of the Company’s website at www.HawaiianAirlines.com. For those who are not available for the live webcast, the call will be archived and available for 90 days on the Company’s investor website.
 
About Hawaiian Airlines
 
Hawaiian® has led all U.S. carriers in on-time performance for 11 years (2004-2014) as reported by the U.S. Department of Transportation. Consumer surveys by Condé Nast Traveler, Travel + Leisure and Zagat have all ranked Hawaiian the highest of all domestic airlines serving Hawai‘i.

Now in its 87th year of continuous service, Hawaiian is Hawai‘i’s biggest and longest-serving airline, as well as the largest provider of passenger air service from its primary visitor markets on the U.S. mainland. Hawaiian offers nonstop service to Hawai‘i from more U.S. gateway cities (11) than any other airline, along with service from Japan, South Korea, China, Australia, New Zealand, American Samoa and Tahiti. Hawaiian also provides approximately 160 jet flights daily between the Hawaiian Islands, with a total of more than 200 daily flights system-wide.

Hawaiian Airlines, Inc. is a subsidiary of Hawaiian Holdings, Inc. (NASDAQ: HA). Additional information is available at HawaiianAirlines.com. Follow updates on Twitter about Hawaiian (@HawaiianAir) and its special fare offers (@HawaiianFares), and become a fan on its Facebook page.

Forward-Looking Statements
 
This press release contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 that reflect the Company’s current views with respect to certain current and future events and financial performance.  Such forward-looking statements include, without limitation, the Company’s expectations regarding cost per available seat mile excluding fuel, available seat miles, gallons of jet fuel consumed and economic fuel cost per gallon, each for the quarter ending March 31, 2016 and full year ending December 31, 2016; the Company's expectations regarding operating revenue per available seat mile for the quarter ending March 31, 2016; the statement of the Company's CEO regarding expectations for 2016; and statements as to other matters that do not relate strictly to historical facts or statements of assumptions underlying any of the foregoing.  Words such as “expects,” “anticipates,” “projects,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “estimates,” variations of such words, and similar expressions are also intended to identify such forward-looking statements.  These forward-looking statements are and will be, as the case may be, subject to many risks, uncertainties and assumptions relating to the Company’s operations and business environment, all of which may cause the Company’s actual results to be materially different from any future results, expressed or implied, in these forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include, without limitation, the Company’s ability to accurately forecast quarterly and annual results; economic volatility; the price and availability of aircraft fuel; fluctuations in demand for transportation in the markets in which the Company operates; the Company’s dependence on tourist travel; foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations; and the Company’s ability to implement its growth strategy and related cost reduction goals.

The risks, uncertainties and assumptions referred to above that could cause the Company’s results to differ materially from the results expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements also include the risks, uncertainties and assumptions discussed from time to time in the Company’s other public filings and public announcements, including the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K and the Company’s Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, as well as other documents that may be filed by the Company from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission.  All forward-looking statements included in this document are based on information available to the Company on the date hereof.  The Company does not undertake to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances that may arise after the date hereof even if experience or future changes make it clear that any projected results expressed or implied herein will not be realized.




Table 1.
Hawaiian Holdings, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(in thousands, except for per share data) (unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended December 31,
 
 
 
Twelve Months Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
% Change
 
2015
 
2014
 
% Change
 
 
(unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
 

Operating Revenue:
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Passenger
 
$
500,149

 
$
503,257

 
(0.6
)%
 
$
2,025,610

 
$
2,045,052

 
(1.0
)%
Other
 
74,005

 
71,582

 
3.4
 %
 
291,857

 
269,827

 
8.2
 %
Total
 
574,154

 
574,839

 
(0.1
)%
 
2,317,467

 
2,314,879

 
0.1
 %
Operating Expenses:
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
Aircraft fuel, including taxes and delivery
 
88,399

 
150,756

 
(41.4
)%
 
417,728

 
678,253

 
(38.4
)%
Wages and benefits
 
129,631

 
113,005

 
14.7
 %
 
499,506

 
447,446

 
11.6
 %
Aircraft rent
 
28,921

 
27,324

 
5.8
 %
 
115,653

 
106,422

 
8.7
 %
Maintenance materials and repairs
 
56,136

 
57,617

 
(2.6
)%
 
224,648

 
225,619

 
(0.4
)%
Aircraft and passenger servicing
 
29,501

 
29,851

 
(1.2
)%
 
117,449

 
122,780

 
(4.3
)%
Commissions and other selling
 
28,529

 
28,395

 
0.5
 %
 
119,746

 
122,518

 
(2.3
)%
Depreciation and amortization
 
26,804

 
25,414

 
5.5
 %
 
105,581

 
96,374

 
9.6
 %
Other rentals and landing fees
 
24,248

 
22,047

 
10.0
 %
 
95,055

 
87,902

 
8.1
 %
Purchased services
 
21,294

 
17,568

 
21.2
 %
 
81,838

 
73,386

 
11.5
 %
Other
 
31,845

 
25,530

 
24.7
 %
 
114,160

 
109,047

 
4.7
 %
Total
 
465,308

 
497,507

 
(6.5
)%
 
1,891,364

 
2,069,747

 
(8.6
)%
Operating Income
 
108,846

 
77,332

 
40.8
 %
 
426,103

 
245,132

 
73.8
 %
Nonoperating Income (Expense):
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
Interest expense and amortization of debt discounts and issuance costs
 
(12,936
)
 
(16,129
)
 
 
 
(55,678
)
 
(64,240
)
 
 
Interest income
 
759

 
596

 
 
 
2,811

 
1,684

 
 
Capitalized interest
 
295

 
1,440

 
 
 
3,261

 
8,024

 
 
Losses on fuel derivatives
 
(31,261
)
 
(34,965
)
 
 
 
(59,931
)
 
(63,471
)
 
 
Loss on extinguishment of debt
 
(4,762
)
 
(3,885
)
 
 
 
(12,058
)
 
(3,885
)
 
 
Other, net
 
505

 
(5,993
)
 
 
 
(8,820
)
 
(9,797
)
 
 
Total
 
(47,400
)
 
(58,936
)
 
 
 
(130,415
)
 
(131,685
)
 
 
Income Before Income Taxes
 
61,446

 
18,396

 
 
 
295,688

 
113,447

 
 
Income tax expense
 
23,546

 
7,297

 
 
 
113,042

 
44,521

 
 
Net Income
 
$
37,900

 
$
11,099

 
 
 
$
182,646

 
$
68,926

 
 
Net Income Per Common Stock Share:
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
Basic
 
$
0.71

 
$
0.20

 
 
 
$
3.38

 
$
1.29

 
 
Diluted
 
$
0.66

 
$
0.17

 
 
 
$
2.98

 
$
1.10

 
 
Weighted Average Number of Common Stock Shares Outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
53,335

 
54,282

 
 
 
54,031

 
53,591

 
 
Diluted
 
57,591

 
66,225

 
 
 
61,256

 
62,822

 
 




Table 2.
Hawaiian Holdings, Inc.
Selected Statistical Data (unaudited)
 
 
 
Three Months Ended December 31,
 
 
 
Twelve Months Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
% Change
 
2015
 
2014
 
% Change
 
 
(in thousands, except as otherwise indicated)
 
 
Scheduled Operations (c) :
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 

 
 
Revenue passengers flown
 
2,655

 
2,554

 
4.0
 %
 
10,665

 
10,191

 
4.7
 %
Revenue passenger miles (RPM)
 
3,634,033

 
3,508,723

 
3.6
 %
 
14,450,564

 
13,910,804

 
3.9
 %
Available seat miles (ASM)
 
4,383,706

 
4,266,924

 
2.7
 %
 
17,710,309

 
17,062,264

 
3.8
 %
Passenger revenue per RPM (Yield)
 

13.76
¢
 

14.34
¢
 
(4.0
)%
 

14.02
¢
 

14.70
¢
 
(4.6
)%
Passenger load factor (RPM/ASM)
 
82.9
%
 
82.2
%
 
0.7 pt.

 
81.6
%
 
81.5
%
 
0.1 pt.

Passenger revenue per ASM (PRASM)
 

11.41
¢
 

11.79
¢
 
(3.2
)%
 

11.44
¢
 

11.99
¢
 
(4.6
)%
Total Operations (c) :
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 

 
 
Revenue passengers flown
 
2,658

 
2,554

 
4.1
 %
 
10,673

 
10,195

 
4.7
 %
RPM
 
3,639,219

 
3,510,682

 
3.7
 %
 
14,462,191

 
13,921,147

 
3.9
 %
ASM
 
4,391,792

 
4,269,031

 
2.9
 %
 
17,726,322

 
17,073,630

 
3.8
 %
Passenger load factor (RPM/ASM)
 
82.9
%
 
82.2
%
 
0.7 pt.

 
81.6
%
 
81.5
%
 
0.1 pt.

Operating revenue per ASM (RASM)
 

13.07
¢
 

13.47
¢
 
(3.0
)%
 

13.07
¢
 

13.56
¢
 
(3.6
)%
Operating cost per ASM (CASM)
 

10.59
¢
 

11.65
¢
 
(9.1
)%
 

10.67
¢
 

12.12
¢
 
(12.0
)%
CASM excluding aircraft fuel (b)
 

8.58
¢
 

8.12
¢
 
5.7
 %
 

8.31
¢
 

8.15
¢
 
2.0
 %
Aircraft fuel expense per ASM (a)
 

2.01
¢
 

3.53
¢
 
(43.1
)%
 

2.36
¢
 

3.97
¢
 
(40.6
)%
Revenue block hours operated
 
42,488

 
42,350

 
0.3
 %
 
173,546

 
166,362

 
4.3
 %
Gallons of jet fuel consumed
 
58,008

 
57,865

 
0.2
 %
 
234,183

 
230,199

 
1.7
 %
Average cost per gallon of jet fuel (actual) (a)
 
$
1.52

 
$
2.61

 
(41.8
)%
 
$
1.78

 
$
2.95

 
(39.7
)%
Economic fuel cost per gallon (a)(d)
 
$
1.80

 
$
2.84

 
(36.6
)%
 
$
2.04

 
$
3.03

 
(32.7
)%
 
(a)          Includes applicable taxes and fees.
(b)         Represents adjusted unit costs, a non-GAAP measure. The Company believes this is a useful measure because it better reflects its controllable costs. See Table 4 for a reconciliation of operating expenses excluding aircraft fuel.
(c)          Includes the operations of the Company's contract carrier under a capacity purchase agreement.
(d)    See Table 3 for a reconciliation of economic fuel costs.




Table 3.
Hawaiian Holdings, Inc.
Economic Fuel Expense
(in thousands, except per-gallon amounts) (unaudited)
 
The Company believes that economic fuel expense is the best measure of the effect of fuel prices on its business as it most closely approximates the net cash outflow associated with the purchase of fuel for its operations in a period.  The Company defines economic fuel expense as GAAP fuel expense plus (gains)/losses realized through actual cash (receipts)/payments received from or paid to hedge counterparties for fuel hedge derivative contracts settled during the period.
 
 
 
Three Months Ended December 31,
 
 
 
Twelve Months Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
Change
 
2015
 
2014
 
Change
 
 
(in thousands, except per-gallon amounts)
 
 
 
(in thousands, except per-gallon amounts)
 
 
Aircraft fuel expense, including taxes and delivery
 
$
88,399

 
$
150,756

 
(41.4
)%
 
$
417,728

 
$
678,253

 
(38.4
)%
Realized losses on settlement of fuel derivative contracts
 
16,025

 
13,835

 
15.8
 %
 
60,946

 
20,365

 
199.3
 %
Economic fuel expense
 
$
104,424

 
$
164,591

 
(36.6
)%
 
$
478,674

 
$
698,618

 
(31.5
)%
Fuel gallons consumed
 
58,008

 
57,865

 
0.2
 %
 
234,183

 
230,199

 
1.7
 %
Economic fuel costs per gallon
 
$
1.80

 
$
2.84

 
(36.6
)%
 
$
2.04

 
$
3.03

 
(32.7
)%

Table 4.
Hawaiian Holdings, Inc.
Non-GAAP Financial Reconciliation
(in thousands, except per-share and CASM data) (unaudited)
 
The Company evaluates its financial performance utilizing various GAAP and non-GAAP financial measures, including net income, diluted net income per share, CASM, PRASM, RASM, Passenger Revenue per RPM and EBITDAR.  Pursuant to Regulation G, the Company has included the following reconciliation of reported non-GAAP financial measures to comparable financial measures reported on a GAAP basis.  The adjustments are described below:

Changes in fair value of derivative contracts, net of tax, are based on market prices for open contracts as of the end of the reporting period. This line item includes the unrealized amounts of fuel and interest rate derivatives (not designated as hedges) that will settle in future periods and the reversal of prior period unrealized amounts. Excluding the impact of these derivative adjustments allows investors to better analyze the Company's operational performance and compare the Company's results to other airlines in the periods presented below.

Loss on extinguishment of debt, net of tax, is excluded to allow investor to better analyze the Company's core operational performance and more readily compare its results to other airlines in the periods presented below.

 
 
Three Months Ended December 31,
 
Twelve Months Ended December 31,
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
 
Net Income
 
Diluted Net Income Per Share
 
Net Income
 
Diluted Net Income Per Share
 
Net Income
 
Diluted Net Income Per Share
 
Net Income
 
Diluted Net Income Per Share
As reported—GAAP
 
$
37,900

 
$
0.66

 
$
11,099

 
$
0.17

 
$
182,646

 
$
2.98

 
$
68,926

 
$
1.10

Add: changes in fair value of derivative contracts, net of tax
 
7,781

 
0.14

 
12,679

 
0.19

 
(609
)
 
(0.01
)
 
25,864

 
0.41

Add: loss on extinguishment of debt, net of tax
 
2,857

 
0.05

 
2,331

 
0.04

 
7,235

 
0.12

 
2,331

 
0.04

Adjusted net income
 
$
48,538

 
$
0.85

 
$
26,109

 
$
0.40

 
$
189,272

 
$
3.09

 
$
97,121

 
$
1.55





 
 
Three months ended December 31,
 
Twelve months ended December 31,
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Income Before Income Taxes, as reported
 
$
61,446

 
$
18,396

 
$
295,688

 
$
113,447

Add: changes in fair value of derivative contracts
 
12,968

 
21,131

 
(1,015
)
 
43,107

Add: loss on extinguishment of debt
 
4,762

 
3,885

 
12,058

 
3,885

Adjusted Income Before Income Taxes
 
$
79,176

 
$
43,412

 
$
306,731

 
$
160,439


Operating Costs per Available Seat Mile (CASM)
The Company has separately listed in the table below its fuel costs per ASM and non-GAAP unit costs, excluding fuel. These amounts are included in CASM, but for internal purposes the Company consistently uses cost metrics that exclude fuel and non-recurring items (if applicable) to measure and monitor its costs.
 
 
Three Months Ended December 31,
 
Twelve Months Ended December 31,
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
 
(in thousands, except as otherwise indicated)
GAAP operating expenses
 
$
465,308

 
$
497,507

 
$
1,891,364

 
$
2,069,747

Less: aircraft fuel, including taxes and delivery
 
(88,399
)
 
(150,756
)
 
(417,728
)
 
(678,253
)
Adjusted operating expenses—excluding aircraft fuel
 
$
376,909

 
$
346,751

 
$
1,473,636

 
$
1,391,494

Available Seat Miles
 
4,391,792

 
4,269,031

 
17,726,322

 
17,073,630

CASM—GAAP
 

10.59
¢
 

11.65
¢
 

10.67
¢
 

12.12
¢
Less: aircraft fuel
 
(2.01
)
 
(3.53
)
 
(2.36
)
 
(3.97
)
CASM—excluding aircraft fuel
 

8.58
¢
 

8.12
¢
 

8.31
¢
 

8.15
¢

Pre-tax margin
The Company excludes unrealized (gains) losses from fuel derivative contracts and losses on extinguishment of debt from pre-tax margin for the same reasons as described above.

 
 
Three months ended December 31,
 
Twelve months ended December 31,
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Pre-Tax Margin, as reported
 
10.7
%
 
3.2
%
 
12.7
%
 
4.9
%
Add: changes in fair value of derivative contracts
 
2.3
%
 
3.7
%
 
%
 
1.8
%
Add: loss on extinguishment of debt
 
0.8
%
 
0.7
%
 
0.5
%
 
0.2
%
Adjusted Pre-Tax Margin
 
13.8
%
 
7.6
%
 
13.2
%
 
6.9
%

Leverage ratio
The Company uses adjusted total debt, including aircraft rent, in addition to long-term adjusted debt and capital leases, to represent long-term financial obligations. The Company excludes unrealized (gains) losses from fuel derivative contracts, the interest rate derivative contract and losses on extinguishment of debt from earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization and rent (EBITDAR) for the reasons as described above. Management believes this metric is helpful to investor in assessing the Company’s overall debt.




 
 
Twelve months ended
 
 
December 31, 2015
Debt and capital lease obligations
 
$
772,144

Plus: Aircraft leases capitalized at 7x last twelve months' aircraft rent
 
809,571

Adjusted debt and capital lease obligations
 
$
1,581,715

 
 
 
EBITDAR:
 
 
Income Before Income Taxes
 
$
295,688

Add back:
 
 
Interest and amortization of debt expense
 
55,678

Depreciation and amortization
 
105,581

Aircraft rent
 
115,653

EBITDAR
 
$
572,600

 
 
 
Adjustments:
 
 
Add: changes in fair value of derivative contracts
 
(1,015
)
Add: Loss on extinguishment of debt
 
12,058

Adjusted EBITDAR
 
$
583,643

 
 
 
Leverage Ratio
 
2.7
x