Report of unscheduled material events or corporate changes.

8-K
Document


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 8-K
 
CURRENT REPORT
PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
Date of Report (Date of Earliest Event Reported): January 24, 2017
 
HAWAIIAN HOLDINGS, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)
 
Delaware
 
1-31443
 
71-0879698
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation)
 
(Commission File Number)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
 
3375 Koapaka Street, Suite G-350, Honolulu, HI 96819
(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)
 
(808) 835-3700
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)
 
Not Applicable
(Former Name or Former Address, if Changed Since Last Report)
 
Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:
 
o Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
 
o Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
 
o Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
 
o Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

Item 2.02.     Results of Operations and Financial Condition.
 
On January 24, 2017 the Registrant issued a press release announcing its financial results for the fourth quarter and full year ended December 31, 2016.  A copy of the press release is furnished as Exhibit 99.1 to this report and incorporated herein by reference.
 
All of the information furnished in this report (including Exhibit 99.1) shall not be deemed to be “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and unless expressly set forth by specific reference in such filings, shall not be incorporated by reference in any filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, whether made before or after the date hereof and regardless of any general incorporation language in such filings.
 
Item 9.01.     Financial Statements and Exhibits.
 
(d) Exhibits.





 
99.1

Hawaiian Holdings Reports 2016 Fourth Quarter and Full Year Financial Results, Press Release, Dated January 24, 2017
 
SIGNATURE
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.
 
Dated: January 24, 2017
 
 
 
 
HAWAIIAN HOLDINGS, INC.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
By:
/s/ Shannon L. Okinaka
 
 
Name:
Shannon L. Okinaka
 
 
Title:
Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer
EXHIBIT INDEX
 
99.1

Hawaiian Holdings Reports 2016 Fourth Quarter and Full Year Financial Results, Press Release, Dated January 24, 2017



Exhibit
Exhibit 99.1
http://quotemedia.10kwizard.com/cgi/image?quest=1&rid=23&ipage=11338142&doc=3 

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Tuesday, January 24, 2017
 
COMPANY CONTACT:
Shannon Okinaka, EVP & CFO - (808) 835-3700
Shannon.Okinaka@HawaiianAir.com
 
INVESTOR RELATIONS CONTACT:
Ashlee Kishimoto, Sr. Director - (808) 838-5421
Ashlee.Kishimoto@HawaiianAir.com
 
 
 
 
 
MEDIA RELATIONS CONTACT:
Alison Croyle, Director - (808) 835-3886
Alison.Croyle@HawaiianAir.com
 
Hawaiian Holdings Reports 2016 Fourth Quarter and Full Year Financial Results
 
HONOLULU — January 24, 2017 — Hawaiian Holdings, Inc. (NASDAQ: HA) (“Holdings” or the “Company”), parent company of Hawaiian Airlines, Inc. (“Hawaiian”), today reported its financial results for the fourth quarter and full year 2016.

Fourth Quarter 2016 - Key Financial Metrics
 
 
GAAP
 
YoY Change
 
Adjusted
 
YoY Change
Net Income
 
$10.6M
 
-$27.3M
 
$68.8M
 
+$20.2M
Diluted EPS
 
$0.20
 
-$0.46
 
$1.28
 
+$0.43
Pre-tax Margin
 
2.8%
 
-7.9 pts.
 
17.6%
 
+3.8 pts.
Full Year 2016 - Key Financial Metrics
 
 
GAAP
 
YoY Change
 
Adjusted
 
YoY Change
Net Income
 
$244.1M
 
+$61.5M
 
$280.1M
 
+$90.8M
Diluted EPS
 
$4.52
 
+$1.54
 
$5.19
 
+$2.10
Pre-tax Margin
 
16.1%
 
+3.4 pts.
 
18.4%
 
+5.2 pts.

“2016 was a great year for us,” said Mark Dunkerley, Hawaiian Airlines president and CEO. “The business environment has been characterized by strong demand, balanced industry capacity in our markets and manageable fuel prices. Our hard working team has done a good job ensuring that the investments we made in our business at the beginning of this decade continue to deliver the returns we anticipated from them. Our business is stronger and we are growing value for our shareholders, giving us great confidence for 2017 and beyond.”

Statistical data, as well as a reconciliation of the reported non-GAAP financial measures, can be found in the accompanying tables.
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
As of December 31, 2016 the Company had:
 
·                  Unrestricted cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments of $610 million.
·                  Outstanding debt and capital lease obligations of $557 million.

The Company has also renewed and increased its existing revolving credit facility to $225 million.

2016 Highlights

People

·                  Enhanced the Company's profit sharing program electing to reward all employees in 2016.
·                  Contributed $31 million to its pension plans in the fourth quarter for a full year total of $58 million, significantly in excess of minimum requirements.
·                  Ratified a five year contract with its dispatchers represented by the Transport Workers Union.
·                  Ratified five year contracts with the International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers.

Operational

·                  Ranked #1 globally for on-time performance for 2016 by OAG.
·                  Ranked #1 nationally for on-time performance for all reported months in 2016 except for July in the U.S. Department of Transportation Air Travel Consumer Report.
·                  Flew a record 11.1 million passengers in 2016.
·               Insourced sales teams in Australia, New Zealand, and Japan to position the Company for long-term success in these markets.
·                 Purchased an Airbus A320 Full Flight Simulator for on-site pilot training.

New routes

·
Expanded service to Japan with additional routes and frequencies to Tokyo.

Product and loyalty

·
Led the U.S. airline industry in unit revenue growth in 2016.
·
Won the 2016 Skytrax World Airline Award for 'Best Airline Staff' in North America.
·    Unveiled new uniforms for front line employees to debut in 2017.
·
Launched Bid Up, an auction offering North America guests a chance to name their price for first class upgrades.
·
Began revenue flights for the newly retrofitted A330 aircraft in December with a new 278 passenger seat configuration featuring 18 fully lie-flat Premium Cabin seats, 68 Extra Comfort seats and 192 Main Cabin seats.
·
Achieved a record $50 million in Extra Comfort and Preferred Seat sales in 2016.

Fleet and financing

·
Took delivery of the 23rd A330-200 in June under a six-year lease and announced the purchase of an additional A330 for delivery in the fourth quarter of 2017.
·
Took delivery of two additional 717s in the fourth quarter of 2016 under six-year leases.
·
Announced the lease of two additional A321neos for delivery in the first quarter of 2018.
·
Announced the planned retirement of its remaining fleet of 767s by the end of 2018.


First Quarter and Full Year 2017 Outlook
 
The table below summarizes the Company’s expectations for the first quarter ending March 31, 2017 and the full year ending December 31, 2017, expressed as an expected percentage change compared to the results for the quarter ended March 31, 2016 or the year ended December 31, 2016, as applicable.

 
 
First Quarter
 
 
 
First Quarter
Item
 
2017 Guidance
 
GAAP Equivalent
 
2017 Guidance
Cost per ASM excluding Fuel (a)
 
Up 3% to up 6%
 
Cost per ASM (a)
 
Up 8.7% to up 12.5%
Operating Revenue Per ASM
 
Up 4% to up 7%
 
 
 
 
ASMs
 
Up 2.5% to up 4.5%
 
 
 
 
Gallons of jet fuel consumed
 
Up 4.5% to 6.5%
 
 
 
 
Economic fuel cost per gallon (b)(c)
 
$1.60 to $1.70
 
Fuel cost per gallon (b)
 
$1.66 to $1.76

 
 
Full Year
 
 
 
Full Year
Item
 
2017 Guidance
 
GAAP Equivalent
 
2017 Guidance
Cost per ASM excluding Fuel (a)
 
Up in the mid-single digit range
 
Cost per ASM (a)
 
Up in the mid-single digit range
ASMs
 
Up 1% to up 4%
 
 
 
 
Gallons of jet fuel consumed
 
Up 2.5% to up 5.5%
 
 
 
 
Economic fuel cost per gallon (b)(c)
 
$1.75 to $1.85
 
Fuel cost per gallon (b)
 
$1.77 to $1.87


(a) See Table 4 for a reconciliation of operating expenses to operating expenses excluding aircraft fuel.
(b) Economic fuel cost per gallon estimates are based on the January 17, 2017 fuel forward curve.
(c) See Table 3 for a reconciliation of actual fuel costs to economic fuel costs.

Investor Conference Call
 
Hawaiian Holdings’ quarterly and full year earnings conference call is scheduled to begin today (January 24, 2017) at 4:30 p.m. Eastern Time (USA). The conference call will be broadcast live over the Internet. Investors may listen to the live audio webcast on the investor relations section of the Company’s website at www.HawaiianAirlines.com. For those who are not available for the live webcast, the call will be archived and available for 90 days on the Company’s investor website.
 
About Hawaiian Airlines
 
Hawaiian®, the world's most punctual airline as reported by OAG, has led all U.S. carriers in on-time performance for 12 years (2004-2015) as reported by the U.S. Department of Transportation. Consumer surveys by Condé Nast Traveler, Travel + Leisure and Zagat have all ranked Hawaiian the highest of all domestic airlines serving Hawai‘i.

Now in its 88th year of continuous service, Hawaiian is Hawai‘i’s biggest and longest-serving airline, as well as the largest provider of passenger air service from its primary visitor markets on the U.S. mainland. Hawaiian offers nonstop service to Hawai‘i from more U.S. gateway cities (11) than any other airline, along with service from Japan, South Korea, China, Australia, New Zealand, American Samoa and Tahiti. Hawaiian also provides approximately 160 jet flights daily between the Hawaiian Islands, with a total of more than 200 daily flights system-wide.

Hawaiian Airlines, Inc. is a subsidiary of Hawaiian Holdings, Inc. (NASDAQ: HA). Additional information is available at HawaiianAirlines.com. Follow updates on Twitter about Hawaiian (@HawaiianAir) and its special fare offers (@HawaiianFares), and become a fan on its Facebook page.

Forward-Looking Statements
 
This press release contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 that reflect the Company’s current views with respect to certain current and future events and financial performance.  Such forward-looking statements include, without limitation, the Company’s expectations regarding cost per available seat mile, cost per available seat mile excluding fuel, available seat miles, gallons of jet fuel consumed, fuel cost per gallon, and economic fuel cost per gallon each for the quarter ending March 31, 2017 and for the full year ending December 31, 2017; the Company's expectations regarding operating revenue per available seat mile for the quarter ending March 31, 2017; and statements as to other matters that do not relate strictly to historical facts or statements of assumptions underlying any of the foregoing.  Words such as “expects,” “anticipates,” “projects,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “estimates,” variations of such words, and similar expressions are also intended to identify such forward-looking statements.  These forward-looking statements are and will be, as the case may be, subject to many risks, uncertainties and assumptions relating to the Company’s operations and business environment, all of which may cause the Company’s actual results to be materially different from any future results, expressed or implied, in these forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include, without limitation, the Company’s ability to accurately forecast quarterly and annual results; economic volatility; macroeconomic developments; political developments; the price and availability of aircraft fuel; fluctuations in demand for transportation in the markets in which the Company operates; the Company’s dependence on tourist travel; labor negotiations and related developments; competitive pressures; foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations; and the Company’s ability to implement its growth strategy and related cost reduction goals.


The risks, uncertainties and assumptions referred to above that could cause the Company’s results to differ materially from the results expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements also include the risks, uncertainties and assumptions discussed from time to time in the Company’s other public filings and public announcements, including the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K and the Company’s Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, as well as other documents that may be filed by the Company from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission.  All forward-looking statements included in this document are based on information available to the Company on the date hereof.  The Company does not undertake to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances that may arise after the date hereof even if experience or future changes make it clear that any projected results expressed or implied herein will not be realized.



Table 1.
Hawaiian Holdings, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(in thousands, except for per share data) (unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended December 31,
 
Twelve Months Ended December 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
% Change
 
2016
 
2015
 
% Change
Operating Revenue:
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Passenger
 
$
553,647

 
$
500,149

 
10.7
 %
 
$
2,145,742

 
$
2,025,610

 
5.9
 %
Other
 
79,326

 
74,005

 
7.2
 %
 
304,838

 
291,857

 
4.4
 %
Total
 
632,973

 
574,154

 
10.2
 %
 
2,450,580

 
2,317,467

 
5.7
 %
Operating Expenses:
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
Aircraft fuel, including taxes and delivery
 
95,806

 
88,399

 
8.4
 %
 
344,322

 
417,728

 
(17.6
)%
Wages and benefits
 
144,598

 
129,631

 
11.5
 %
 
555,534

 
499,506

 
11.2
 %
Aircraft rent
 
32,220

 
28,921

 
11.4
 %
 
124,565

 
115,653

 
7.7
 %
Maintenance materials and repairs
 
62,069

 
56,136

 
10.6
 %
 
228,970

 
224,648

 
1.9
 %
Aircraft and passenger servicing
 
33,631

 
29,501

 
14.0
 %
 
126,876

 
117,449

 
8.0
 %
Commissions and other selling
 
31,795

 
28,529

 
11.4
 %
 
125,731

 
119,746

 
5.0
 %
Depreciation and amortization
 
26,499

 
26,804

 
(1.1
)%
 
108,128

 
105,581

 
2.4
 %
Other rentals and landing fees
 
29,749

 
24,248

 
22.7
 %
 
108,087

 
95,055

 
13.7
 %
Purchased services
 
23,385

 
21,294

 
9.8
 %
 
96,274

 
81,838

 
17.6
 %
Other
 
33,210

 
31,845

 
4.3
 %
 
127,489

 
114,160

 
11.7
 %
Special items
 
95,142

 

 
 %
 
95,142

 

 
 %
Total
 
608,104

 
465,308

 
30.7
 %
 
2,041,118

 
1,891,364

 
7.9
 %
Operating Income
 
24,869

 
108,846

 
(77.2
)%
 
409,462

 
426,103

 
(3.9
)%
Nonoperating Income (Expense):
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
Interest expense and amortization of debt discounts and issuance costs
 
(8,159
)
 
(12,936
)
 
 
 
(36,612
)
 
(55,678
)
 
 
Interest income
 
963

 
759

 
 
 
4,007

 
2,811

 
 
Capitalized interest
 
1,244

 
295

 
 
 
2,651

 
3,261

 
 
Gains (losses) on fuel derivatives
 
4,685

 
(31,261
)
 
 
 
20,106

 
(59,931
)
 
 
Loss on extinguishment of debt
 
(480
)
 
(4,762
)
 
 
 
(10,473
)
 
(12,058
)
 
 
Other, net
 
(5,561
)
 
505

 
 
 
4,323

 
(8,820
)
 
 
Total
 
(7,308
)
 
(47,400
)
 
 
 
(15,998
)
 
(130,415
)
 
 
Income Before Income Taxes
 
17,561

 
61,446

 
 
 
393,464

 
295,688

 
 
Income tax expense
 
6,920

 
23,546

 
 
 
149,333

 
113,042

 
 
Net Income
 
$
10,641

 
$
37,900

 
 
 
$
244,131

 
$
182,646

 
 
Net Income Per Common Stock Share:
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
Basic
 
$
0.20

 
$
0.71

 
 
 
$
4.56

 
$
3.38

 
 
Diluted
 
$
0.20

 
$
0.66

 
 
 
$
4.52

 
$
2.98

 
 
Weighted Average Number of Common Stock Shares Outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
53,433

 
53,335

 
 
 
53,502

 
54,031

 
 
Diluted
 
53,910

 
57,591

 
 
 
53,958

 
61,256

 
 




Table 2.
Hawaiian Holdings, Inc.
Selected Statistical Data (unaudited)
 
 
 
Three Months Ended December 31,
 
Twelve Months Ended December 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
% Change
 
2016
 
2015
 
% Change
 
 
(in thousands, except as otherwise indicated)
Scheduled Operations (a) :
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 

 
 
Revenue passengers flown
 
2,728

 
2,655

 
2.7
 %
 
11,044

 
10,665

 
3.6
 %
Revenue passenger miles (RPM)
 
3,929,846

 
3,634,033

 
8.1
 %
 
15,484,369

 
14,450,564

 
7.2
 %
Available seat miles (ASM)
 
4,565,978

 
4,383,706

 
4.2
 %
 
18,371,544

 
17,710,309

 
3.7
 %
Passenger revenue per RPM (Yield)
 

14.09
¢
 

13.76
¢
 
2.4
 %
 

13.86
¢
 

14.02
¢
 
(1.1
)%
Passenger load factor (RPM/ASM)
 
86.1
%
 
82.9
%
 
3.2 pt.

 
84.3
%
 
81.6
%
 
2.7 pt.

Passenger revenue per ASM (PRASM)
 

12.13
¢
 

11.41
¢
 
6.3
 %
 

11.68
¢
 

11.44
¢
 
2.1
 %
Total Operations (a) :
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 

 
 
Revenue passengers flown
 
2,730

 
2,658

 
2.7
 %
 
11,051

 
10,673

 
3.5
 %
RPM
 
3,932,713

 
3,639,219

 
8.1
 %
 
15,492,509

 
14,462,191

 
7.1
 %
ASM
 
4,570,679

 
4,391,792

 
4.1
 %
 
18,384,637

 
17,726,322

 
3.7
 %
Passenger load factor (RPM/ASM)
 
86.0
%
 
82.9
%
 
3.1 pt.

 
84.3
%
 
81.6
%
 
2.7 pt.

Operating revenue per ASM (RASM)
 

13.85
¢
 

13.07
¢
 
6.0
 %
 

13.33
¢
 

13.07
¢
 
2.0
 %
Operating cost per ASM (CASM)
 

13.30
¢
 

10.59
¢
 
25.6
 %
 

11.10
¢
 

10.67
¢
 
4.0
 %
CASM excluding aircraft fuel and special items (b)
 

9.12
¢
 

8.58
¢
 
6.3
 %
 

8.71
¢
 

8.31
¢
 
4.8
 %
Aircraft fuel expense per ASM (c)
 

2.10
¢
 

2.01
¢
 
4.5
 %
 

1.87
¢
 

2.36
¢
 
(20.8
)%
Revenue block hours operated
 
44,627

 
42,488

 
5.0
 %
 
179,254

 
173,546

 
3.3
 %
Gallons of jet fuel consumed
 
61,647

 
58,008

 
6.3
 %
 
244,118

 
234,183

 
4.2
 %
Average cost per gallon of jet fuel (actual) (c)
 
$
1.55

 
$
1.52

 
2.0
 %
 
$
1.41

 
$
1.78

 
(20.8
)%
Economic fuel cost per gallon (c)(d)
 
$
1.51

 
$
1.80

 
(16.1
)%
 
$
1.52

 
$
2.04

 
(25.5
)%
 
(a)          Includes the operations of the Company's contract carrier under a capacity purchase agreement.
(b)         See Table 4 for a reconciliation of operating expenses excluding aircraft fuel.
(c)          Includes applicable taxes and fees.
(d)          See Table 3 for a reconciliation of economic fuel costs.





Table 3.
Hawaiian Holdings, Inc.
Economic Fuel Expense
(in thousands, except per-gallon amounts) (unaudited)
 
The Company believes that economic fuel expense is the best measure of the effect of fuel prices on its business as it most closely approximates the net cash outflow associated with the purchase of fuel for its operations in a period.  The Company defines economic fuel expense as GAAP fuel expense plus (gains)/losses realized through actual cash (receipts)/payments received from or paid to hedge counterparties for fuel hedge derivative contracts settled during the period.
 
 
 
Three Months Ended December 31,
 
Twelve Months Ended December 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
% Change
 
2016
 
2015
 
% Change
 
 
(in thousands, except per-gallon amounts)
 
 
 
(in thousands, except per-gallon amounts)
 
 
Aircraft fuel expense, including taxes and delivery
 
$
95,806

 
$
88,399

 
8.4
 %
 
$
344,322

 
$
417,728

 
(17.6
)%
Realized losses (gains) on settlement of fuel derivative contracts
 
(2,778
)
 
16,025

 
(117.3
)%
 
27,572

 
60,946

 
(54.8
)%
Economic fuel expense
 
$
93,028

 
$
104,424

 
(10.9
)%
 
$
371,894

 
$
478,674

 
(22.3
)%
Fuel gallons consumed
 
61,647

 
58,008

 
6.3
 %
 
244,118

 
234,183

 
4.2
 %
Economic fuel costs per gallon
 
$
1.51

 
$
1.80

 
(16.1
)%
 
$
1.52

 
$
2.04

 
(25.5
)%

 
 
Estimated three months ending
March 31, 2017
 
 Estimated full year ending
December 31, 2017
 
 
(in thousands, except per-gallon amounts)
 
(in thousands, except per-gallon amounts)
Aircraft fuel expense, including taxes and delivery
 
$
100,235

-
$
108,248

 
$
442,865

-
$
481,343

Realized (gains)/losses on settlement of fuel derivative contracts
 
(3,500
)
-
(3,500
)
 
(5,000
)
-
(5,000
)
Economic fuel expense
 
$
96,735

-
$
104,748

 
$
437,865

-
$
476,343

Fuel gallons consumed
 
60,459

-
61,616

 
250,209

-
257,532

Economic fuel costs per gallon
 
$
1.60

-
$
1.70

 
$
1.75

-
$
1.85


Table 4.
Hawaiian Holdings, Inc.
Non-GAAP Financial Reconciliation
(in thousands, except per-share and CASM data) (unaudited)
 
The Company evaluates its financial performance utilizing various GAAP and non-GAAP financial measures, including net income, diluted net income per share, CASM, PRASM, RASM, Passenger Revenue per RPM and EBITDAR.  Pursuant to Regulation G, the Company has included the following reconciliation of reported non-GAAP financial measures to comparable financial measures reported on a GAAP basis.  The adjustments are described below:

Changes in fair value of derivative contracts, net of tax, are based on market prices for open contracts as of the end of the reporting period. This line item includes the unrealized amounts of fuel and interest rate derivatives (not designated as hedges) that will settle in future periods and the reversal of prior period unrealized amounts. Excluding the impact of these derivative adjustments allows investors to better analyze the Company's core operational performance and more readily compare its results to other airlines in the periods presented below.

Loss on extinguishment of debt, net of tax, is excluded to allow investors to better analyze the Company's core operational performance and more readily compare its results to other airlines in the periods presented below.

The impairment and contract termination charges related to the early retirement of the Company's fleet of 767 aircraft, engines, and related assets along with the bonuses and a proposed collective bargaining agreement payment are considered special items by the Company and are not expected to represent ongoing expenses to the Company.



Excluding these special items allows investors to better analyze the Company's core operational performance and more readily compare its results to other airlines in the periods presented below.

 
 
Three Months Ended December 31,
 
Twelve Months Ended December 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
Net Income
 
Diluted Net Income Per Share
 
Net Income
 
Diluted Net Income Per Share
 
Net Income
 
Diluted Net Income Per Share
 
Net Income
 
Diluted Net Income Per Share
As reported—GAAP
 
$
10,641

 
$
0.20

 
$
37,900

 
$
0.66

 
$
244,131

 
$
4.52

 
$
182,646

 
$
2.98

Add: changes in fair value of derivative contracts
 
(1,907
)
 
(0.04
)
 
12,968

 
0.23

 
(47,678
)
 
(0.88
)
 
(1,015
)
 
(0.02
)
Add: loss on extinguishment of debt
 
480

 
0.01

 
4,762

 
0.08

 
10,473

 
0.19

 
12,058

 
0.20

Add: special items
 
 
 
 
 


 


 


 


 


 


Impairment charge
 
49,361

 
0.92

 

 

 
49,361

 
0.92

 

 

Termination charge
 
21,000

 
0.39

 

 

 
21,000

 
0.39

 

 

Bonuses and a proposed collective bargaining agreement payment
 
24,781

 
0.46

 

 

 
24,781

 
0.46

 

 

Tax effect of adjustments
 
(35,583
)
 
(0.66
)
 
(7,092
)
 
(0.12
)
 
(21,987
)
 
(0.41
)
 
(4,417
)
 
(0.07
)
Adjusted net income
 
$
68,773

 
$
1.28

 
$
48,538

 
$
0.85

 
$
280,081

 
$
5.19

 
$
189,272

 
$
3.09


 
 
Three months ended December 31,
 
Twelve months ended December 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Income Before Income Taxes, as reported
 
$
17,561

 
$
61,446

 
$
393,464

 
$
295,688

Add: changes in fair value of derivative contracts
 
(1,907
)
 
12,968

 
(47,678
)
 
(1,015
)
Add: loss on extinguishment of debt
 
480

 
4,762

 
10,473

 
12,058

Add: special items
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Impairment charge
 
49,361

 

 
49,361

 

Termination charge
 
21,000

 

 
21,000

 

Bonuses and a proposed collective bargaining agreement payment
 
24,781

 

 
24,781

 

Adjusted Income Before Income Taxes
 
$
111,276

 
$
79,176

 
$
451,401

 
$
306,731


Operating Costs per Available Seat Mile (CASM)
The Company has separately listed in the table below its fuel costs per ASM and non-GAAP unit costs, excluding fuel. These amounts are included in CASM, but for internal purposes the Company consistently uses cost metrics that exclude fuel and non-recurring items (if applicable) to measure and monitor its costs.



 
 
Three Months Ended December 31,
 
Twelve Months Ended December 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
(in thousands, except as otherwise indicated)
GAAP operating expenses
 
$
608,104

 
$
465,308

 
$
2,041,118

 
$
1,891,364

Less: aircraft fuel, including taxes and delivery
 
(95,806
)
 
(88,399
)
 
(344,322
)
 
(417,728
)
Less: special items
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Impairment charge
 
(49,361
)
 

 
(49,361
)
 

Termination charge
 
(21,000
)
 

 
(21,000
)
 

Bonuses and a proposed collective bargaining agreement payment
 
(24,781
)
 

 
(24,781
)
 

Adjusted operating expenses—excluding aircraft fuel and special items
 
$
417,156

 
$
376,909

 
$
1,601,654

 
$
1,473,636

Available Seat Miles
 
4,570,679

 
4,391,792

 
18,384,637

 
17,726,322

CASM—GAAP
 

13.30
¢
 

10.59
¢
 

11.10
¢
 

10.67
¢
Less: aircraft fuel
 
(2.10
)
 
(2.01
)
 
(1.87
)
 
(2.36
)
Less: special items
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Impairment charge
 
(1.08
)
 

 
(0.28
)
 

Termination charge
 
(0.46
)
 

 
(0.11
)
 

Bonuses and a proposed collective bargaining agreement payment
 
(0.54
)
 

 
(0.13
)
 

CASM—excluding aircraft fuel and special items
 

9.12
¢
 

8.58
¢
 

8.71
¢
 

8.31
¢

 
 
Estimated three months ending March 31, 2017
GAAP operating expenses
 
$
511,591

-
$
539,845

Less: aircraft fuel, including taxes and delivery
 
(100,235
)
-
(108,248
)
Adjusted operating expenses - excluding aircraft fuel
 
$
411,356

-
$
431,597

Available Seat Miles
 
4,477,298

-
4,564,660

CASM - GAAP
 

11.43
¢
-

11.83
¢
Less: aircraft fuel
 
(2.24
)
-
(2.37
)
CASM - excluding aircraft fuel
 

9.19
¢
-

9.46
¢

Given that the Company is providing only general directional guidance on its Full Year 2017 CASM excluding fuel and Full Year 2017 CASM, it is unable to provide a meaningful reconciliation of these metrics.

Pre-tax margin
The Company excludes unrealized (gains) losses from fuel derivative contracts, losses on extinguishment of debt and special items from pre-tax margin for the same reasons as described above.




 
 
Three months ended December 31,
 
Twelve months ended December 31,
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Pre-Tax Margin, as reported
 
2.8
 %
 
10.7
%
 
16.1
 %
 
12.7
%
Add: changes in fair value of derivative contracts
 
(0.3
)%
 
2.3
%
 
(2.0
)%
 
%
Add: loss on extinguishment of debt
 
0.1
 %
 
0.8
%
 
0.4
 %
 
0.5
%
Add: special items
 

 

 

 

Impairment charge
 
7.8
 %
 
%
 
2.0
 %
 
%
Termination charge
 
3.3
 %
 
%
 
0.9
 %
 
%
Bonuses and a proposed collective bargaining agreement payment
 
3.9
 %
 
%
 
1.0
 %
 
%
Adjusted Pre-Tax Margin
 
17.6
 %
 
13.8
%
 
18.4
 %
 
13.2
%

Leverage ratio
The Company uses adjusted total debt, including aircraft rent, in addition to long-term adjusted debt and capital leases, to represent long-term financial obligations. The Company excludes unrealized (gains) losses from fuel derivative contracts, losses on extinguishment of debt and special items from earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization and rent (EBITDAR) for the reasons as described above. Management believes this metric is helpful to investor in assessing the Company’s overall debt.

 
 
Twelve months ended
 
 
December 31, 2016
Debt and capital lease obligations
 
$
556,807

Plus: Aircraft leases capitalized at 7x last twelve months' aircraft rent
 
871,955

Adjusted debt and capital lease obligations
 
$
1,428,762

 
 
 
EBITDAR:
 
 
Income Before Income Taxes
 
$
393,464

Add back:
 
 
Interest and amortization of debt expense
 
36,612

Depreciation and amortization
 
108,128

Aircraft rent
 
124,565

EBITDAR
 
$
662,769

 
 
 
Adjustments:
 
 
Add: Changes in fair value of derivative contracts
 
(47,678
)
Add: Loss on extinguishment of debt
 
10,473

Add: Special items
 


Impairment charge
 
49,361

Termination charge
 
21,000

Bonuses and a proposed collective bargaining agreement payment
 
24,781

Adjusted EBITDAR
 
$
720,706

 
 
 
Leverage Ratio
 
2.0
x