Document


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 8-K
 
CURRENT REPORT
PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
Date of Report (Date of Earliest Event Reported): April 20, 2017
 
HAWAIIAN HOLDINGS, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)
 
Delaware
 
1-31443
 
71-0879698
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation)
 
(Commission File Number)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
 
3375 Koapaka Street, Suite G-350, Honolulu, HI 96819
(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)
 
(808) 835-3700
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)
 
Not Applicable
(Former Name or Former Address, if Changed Since Last Report)
 
Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:
 
o Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
 
o Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
 
o Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
 
o Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

Item 2.02.     Results of Operations and Financial Condition.
 
On April 20, 2017, the Registrant issued a press release announcing its financial results for the quarter ended March 31, 2017 (the "Press Release").  A copy of the Press Release is furnished as Exhibit 99.1 to this report and incorporated herein by reference.
 
The information furnished in this Item 2.02 and in Exhibit 99.1 shall not be deemed to be “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and unless expressly set forth by specific reference in such filings, shall not be incorporated by reference in any filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, whether made before or after the date hereof and regardless of any general incorporation language in such filings.

 
Item 9.01.     Financial Statements and Exhibits.
 





(d) Exhibits.
 
99.1

Hawaiian Holdings Reports 2017 First Quarter Financial Results, Press Release, dated April 20, 2017.
 
SIGNATURE
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.
 
Dated: April 20, 2017
 
 
 
 
HAWAIIAN HOLDINGS, INC.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
By:
/s/ Shannon L. Okinaka
 
 
Name:
Shannon L. Okinaka
 
 
Title:
Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer
EXHIBIT INDEX
 
99.1

Hawaiian Holdings Reports 2017 First Quarter Financial Results, Press Release, dated April 20, 2017.
 



Exhibit
Exhibit 99.1

http://quotemedia.10kwizard.com/cgi/image?quest=1&rid=23&ipage=11537767&doc=3
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Thursday, April 20, 2017
 
COMPANY CONTACT:
Shannon Okinaka, EVP & CFO - (808) 835-3700
Shannon.Okinaka@HawaiianAir.com
 
INVESTOR RELATIONS CONTACT:
Jay Schaefer, VP & Treasurer - (808) 838-6751
Investor.Relations@HawaiianAir.com

 
 
 
 
 
MEDIA RELATIONS CONTACT:
Alison Croyle, Director - (808) 835-3886
Alison.Croyle@HawaiianAir.com
 
Hawaiian Holdings Reports 2017 First Quarter Financial Results
 
HONOLULU — April 20, 2017 — Hawaiian Holdings, Inc. (NASDAQ: HA) (“Holdings” or the “Company”), parent company of Hawaiian Airlines, Inc. (“Hawaiian”), today reported its financial results for the first quarter of 2017.
 
First Quarter 2017 - Key Financial Metrics
 
 
GAAP
 
YoY Change
 
Adjusted
 
YoY Change
Net Income
 
$36.9M
 
($14.6M)
 
$56.0M
 
+$12.9M
Diluted EPS
 
$0.68
 
($0.27)
 
$1.04
 
+$0.24
Pre-tax Margin
 
8.4%
 
(6.7) pts.
 
13.3%
 
+0.7 pts.
 
“The year has started extremely well," said Mark Dunkerley, Hawaiian Airlines president and CEO. "Strong demand coupled with benign industry capacity growth in our geographies have given us a robust operating environment sufficient to more than offset the impact of the rising price of fuel. Beyond the financial numbers, the company continues to perform well thanks to the hard work of my 6,500 colleagues. We are looking forward to the months ahead.”
 

Statistical information, as well as a reconciliation of the non-GAAP financial measures, can be found in the accompanying tables.

The first quarter results include the adoption of a new accounting standard which positively impacted the tax expense, resulting in a 10 cent increase to GAAP and adjusted EPS.
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
As of March 31, 2017, the Company had:
 
·                  Unrestricted cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments of $740 million.
·                  Outstanding debt and capital lease obligations of $536 million.

The Company also replenished its share repurchase authorization to $100 million while concurrently extending the program through May 2019.


First Quarter 2017 Highlights
 
People

·      Ratified a 63-month contract with its pilots represented by the Airline Pilots Association (ALPA).
·      Electively contributed approximately $6 million to further reduce its pension obligations.


Operational

·                  Ranked #1 nationally for on-time performance for the month of January 2017 as reported in the U.S. Department of Transportation Air Travel Consumer Report.
·                  Named "Airline of the Year" for 2016 by Incheon International Airport.
·
Expanded in-house pilot training capabilities with the addition of a new A321neo simulator.

New routes

·
Launched daily round trip flights from Maui’s Kapalua Airport (JHM) to Honolulu International Airport (HNL) and Kahului Airport (OGG).
·
Launched daily round trip flights from Kaua’i's Lîhu'e Airport (LIH) to Kona International Airport (KOA).


Product and loyalty

·
Continued remodeling of its A330 fleet with the addition of lie flat premium seats and expanded Extra Comfort capacity.
·
Unveiled innovative A321neo cabin design elevating island hospitality and preeminent premium leisure experience.



Second Quarter and Full Year 2017 Outlook
 
The table below summarizes the Company’s expectations for the second quarter ending June 30, 2017 and full year ending December 31, 2017, expressed as an expected percentage change compared to the results for the quarter ended June 30, 2016 and full year ended December 31, 2016, as applicable.

The Company is raising its guidance range for available seat miles (ASMs) and gallons of jet fuel to be consumed for the full year ending December 31, 2017 due to planned increases in flying and higher than expected payload increases from cargo and passengers.

 
 
Second Quarter
 
 
 
Second Quarter
Item
 
2017 Guidance
 
GAAP Equivalent
 
2017 Guidance
Cost per ASM Excluding Fuel (a)
 
Up 4.5% to up 7.5%
 
Cost per ASM (a)
 
Up 8% to up 11%
Operating Revenue Per ASM
 
Up 5.5% to up 8.5%
 
 
 
 
ASMs
 
Up 3% to up 5%
 
 
 
 
Gallons of jet fuel consumed
 
Up 6.5% to up 8.5%
 
 
 
 
Economic fuel cost per gallon (b)(c)
 
$1.65 to $1.75
 
Fuel cost per gallon (b)
 
$1.65 to $1.75
 
 
 
Full Year
 
 
 
Full Year
Item
 
2017 Guidance
 
GAAP Equivalent
 
2017 Guidance
Cost per ASM Excluding Fuel and Special Items (a)
 
Up in mid-single digit range
 
Cost per ASM (a)
 
Up in high single digit range
ASMs
 
Up 2% to up 5%
 
 
 
 
Gallons of jet fuel consumed
 
Up 4.5% to up 7.5%
 
 
 
 
Economic fuel cost per gallon (b)(c)
 
$1.75 to $1.85
 
Fuel cost per gallon (b)
 
$1.77 to $1.87

(a) See Table 4 for a reconciliation of operating expenses to operating expenses excluding aircraft fuel.
(b) Economic fuel cost per gallon estimates are based on the April 10, 2017 fuel forward curve.
(c) See Table 3 for a reconciliation of GAAP fuel costs to economic fuel costs.

Investor Conference Call
 
Hawaiian Holdings’ quarterly earnings conference call is scheduled to begin today (April 20, 2017) at 4:30 p.m. Eastern Time (USA). The conference call will be broadcast live over the Internet. Investors may listen to the live audio webcast on the investor relations section of the Company’s website at www.HawaiianAirlines.com. For those who are not available for the live webcast, the call will be archived for 90 days on the investor relations section of the Company's website.
 
About Hawaiian Airlines
 
Hawaiian®, the world's most punctual airline as reported by OAG, has led all U.S. carriers in on-time performance for 13 years (2004-2016) as reported by the U.S. Department of Transportation. Consumer surveys by Condé Nast Traveler, Travel + Leisure and Zagat have all ranked Hawaiian the highest of all domestic airlines serving Hawai‘i.

Now in its 88th year of continuous service, Hawaiian is Hawai‘i’s biggest and longest-serving airline, as well as the largest provider of passenger air service from its primary visitor markets on the U.S. mainland. Hawaiian offers nonstop service to Hawai‘i from more U.S. gateway cities (11) than any other airline, along with service from Japan, South Korea, China, Australia, New Zealand, American Samoa and Tahiti. Hawaiian also provides approximately 170 jet flights daily between the Hawaiian Islands, with a total of more than 250 daily flights system-wide.

Hawaiian Airlines, Inc. is a subsidiary of Hawaiian Holdings, Inc. (NASDAQ: HA). Additional information is available at HawaiianAirlines.com. Follow updates on Twitter about Hawaiian (@HawaiianAir) and its special fare offers (@HawaiianFares), and become a fan on its Facebook page.

Forward-Looking Statements
 
This press release contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 that reflect the Company’s current views with respect to certain current and future events and financial performance.  Such forward-looking statements include, without limitation, the Company’s expectations regarding cost per available seat mile, available seat miles, gallons of jet fuel consumed, fuel cost per gallon, and economic fuel cost per gallon each for the quarter ending June 30, 2017 and full year ending December 31, 2017; the Company's expectations regarding operating revenue per available seat mile and cost per available seat mile excluding fuel for the quarter ending June 30, 2017; the Company's expectations regarding cost per available seat mile excluding fuel and special items for the full year ending December 31, 2017; and statements as to other matters that do not relate strictly to historical facts or statements of assumptions underlying any of the foregoing.  Words such as “expects,” “anticipates,” “projects,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “estimates,” variations of such words, and similar expressions are also intended to identify such forward-looking statements.  These forward-looking statements are and will be, as the case may be, subject to many risks, uncertainties and assumptions relating to the Company’s operations and business environment, all of which may cause the Company’s actual results to be materially different from any future results, expressed or implied, in these forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include, without limitation, the Company’s ability to accurately forecast quarterly and annual results; economic volatility; macroeconomic developments; political developments; the price and availability of aircraft fuel; fluctuations in demand for transportation in the markets in which the Company operates; the Company’s dependence on tourist travel; labor negotiations and related developments; competitive pressures; foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations; and the Company’s ability to implement its growth strategy and related cost reduction goals.

The risks, uncertainties and assumptions referred to above that could cause the Company’s results to differ materially from the results expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements also include the risks, uncertainties and assumptions discussed from time to time in the Company’s other public filings and public announcements, including the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K and the Company’s Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, as well as other documents that may be filed by the Company from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission.  All forward-looking statements included in this document are based on information available to the Company on the date hereof.  The Company does not undertake to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances that may arise after the date hereof even if experience or future changes make it clear that any projected results expressed or implied herein will not be realized.



Table 1.
Hawaiian Holdings, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(in thousands, except for per share data) (unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2017
 
2016 (a)
 
% Change
Operating Revenue:
 
 

 
 

 
 
Passenger
 
$
537,590

 
$
482,027

 
11.5
 %
Other
 
76,595

 
69,153

 
10.8
 %
Total
 
614,185

 
551,180

 
11.4
 %
Operating Expenses:
 
 

 
 

 
 
Aircraft fuel, including taxes and delivery
 
103,538

 
69,900

 
48.1
 %
Wages and benefits
 
151,053

 
128,561

 
17.5
 %
Aircraft rent
 
33,135

 
29,388

 
12.8
 %
Maintenance, materials and repairs
 
59,404

 
60,504

 
(1.8
)%
Aircraft and passenger servicing
 
33,458

 
28,551

 
17.2
 %
Commissions and other selling
 
33,186

 
33,031

 
0.5
 %
Depreciation and amortization
 
27,468

 
27,146

 
1.2
 %
Other rentals and landing fees
 
28,336

 
24,434

 
16.0
 %
Purchased services
 
26,637

 
22,732

 
17.2
 %
Special items
 
18,679

 

 
N/A

Other
 
31,997

 
29,983

 
6.7
 %
Total
 
546,891

 
454,230

 
20.4
 %
Operating Income
 
67,294

 
96,950

 
(30.6
)%
Nonoperating Income (Expense):
 
 

 
 

 
 
Interest expense and amortization of debt discounts and issuance costs
 
(8,003
)
 
(11,004
)
 
 
Interest income
 
1,152

 
844

 
 
Capitalized interest
 
1,760

 
225

 
 
Gains (losses) on fuel derivatives
 
(8,798
)
 
(2,065
)
 
 
Loss on extinguishment of debt
 

 
(3,350
)
 
 
Other components of net periodic benefit cost
 
(4,751
)
 
(5,082
)
 
 
Other, net
 
2,828

 
6,586

 
 
Total
 
(15,812
)
 
(13,846
)
 
 
Income Before Income Taxes
 
51,482

 
83,104

 
 
Income tax expense
 
14,570

 
31,638

 
 
Net Income
 
$
36,912

 
$
51,466

 
 
Net Income Per Share
 
 

 
 

 
 
Basic
 
$
0.69

 
$
0.96

 
 
Diluted
 
$
0.68

 
$
0.95

 
 
Weighted Average Number of Common Stock Shares Outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
53,562

 
53,656

 
 
Diluted
 
53,980

 
53,955

 
 

(a) The other components of net benefit cost are required to be presented in the income statement separately from the service cost component and outside a subtotal of income from operations, if one is presented. Accounting Standard Update 2017-07 (ASU 2017-07) is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15,



2017, with early adoption only permitted for the Company in the first quarter of 2017, provided all provisions of the ASU are adopted. The Company early adopted this standard during the first quarter of 2017. The adoption of ASU 2017-07 resulted in a reclassification of $5.1 million from wages and benefits to other components of net periodic benefit cost on the Company's consolidated statement of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2016.



Table 2.
Hawaiian Holdings, Inc.
Selected Statistical Data (unaudited)
 
 
 
Three months ended March 31,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
% Change
 
 
(in thousands, except as otherwise indicated)
Scheduled Operations (a) :
 
 

 
 

 
 
Revenue passengers flown
 
2,704

 
2,646

 
2.2
%
Revenue passenger miles (RPM)
 
3,797,725

 
3,541,069

 
7.2
%
Available seat miles (ASM)
 
4,521,098

 
4,366,995

 
3.5
%
Passenger revenue per RPM (Yield)
 

14.16
¢
 

13.61
¢
 
4.0
%
Passenger load factor (RPM/ASM)
 
84.0
%
 
81.1
%
 
2.9 pt.

Passenger revenue per ASM (PRASM)
 

11.89
¢
 

11.04
¢
 
7.7
%
Total Operations (a) :
 
 

 
 

 
 
Revenue passengers flown
 
2,704

 
2,647

 
2.2
%
Revenue passenger miles (RPM)
 
3,798,493

 
3,542,059

 
7.2
%
Available seat miles (ASM)
 
4,522,353

 
4,368,096

 
3.5
%
Operating revenue per ASM (RASM)
 

13.58
¢
 

12.62
¢
 
7.6
%
Operating cost per ASM (CASM)
 

12.09
¢
 

10.40
¢
 
16.3
%
CASM excluding aircraft fuel and special items (b)
 

9.39
¢
 

8.80
¢
 
6.7
%
Aircraft fuel expense per ASM (c)
 

2.29
¢
 

1.60
¢
 
43.1
%
Revenue block hours operated
 
45,005

 
42,726

 
5.3
%
Gallons of jet fuel consumed
 
61,738

 
57,855

 
6.7
%
Average cost per gallon of jet fuel (actual) (c)
 
$
1.68

 
$
1.21

 
38.8
%
Economic fuel cost per gallon (c)(d)
 
$
1.64

 
$
1.54

 
6.5
%
 
(a)          Includes the operations of the Company's contract carrier under a capacity purchase agreement.
(b)         See Table 4 for a reconciliation of operating expenses to operating expenses excluding aircraft fuel and special items.
(c)          Includes applicable taxes and fees.
(d) See Table 3 for a reconciliation of GAAP fuel costs to economic fuel costs.




Table 3.
Hawaiian Holdings, Inc.
Economic Fuel Expense
(in thousands, except per-gallon amounts) (unaudited)
 
The Company believes that economic fuel expense is the best measure of the effect of fuel prices on its business as it most closely approximates the net cash outflow associated with the purchase of fuel for its operations in a period. The Company defines economic fuel expense as GAAP fuel expense plus (gains)/losses realized through actual cash (receipts)/payments received from or paid to hedge counterparties for fuel hedge derivative contracts settled during the period.
 
 
 
Three months ended March 31,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
% Change
 
 
(in thousands, except per-gallon amounts)
 
 
Aircraft fuel expense, including taxes and delivery
 
$
103,538

 
$
69,900

 
48.1
 %
Realized losses (gains) on settlement of fuel derivative contracts
 
(2,589
)
 
19,025

 
(113.6
)%
Economic fuel expense
 
$
100,949

 
$
88,925

 
13.5
 %
Fuel gallons consumed
 
61,738

 
57,855

 
6.7
 %
Economic fuel costs per gallon
 
$
1.64

 
$
1.54

 
6.5
 %


 
 
Estimated three months ending
June 30, 2017
 
 Estimated full year ending December 31, 2017
 
 
(in thousands, except per-gallon amounts)
 
(in thousands, except per-gallon amounts)
Aircraft fuel expense, including taxes and delivery
 
$
104,903

to
$
113,350

 
$
442,865

to
$
481,343

Realized (gains)/losses on settlement of fuel derivative contracts
 

 

 
(5,000
)
 
(5,000
)
Economic fuel expense
 
$
104,903

to
$
113,350

 
$
437,865

to
$
476,343

Fuel gallons consumed
 
63,577

to
64,771

 
250,209

to
257,532

Economic fuel costs per gallon
 
$
1.65

to
$
1.75

 
$
1.75

to
$
1.85


Table 4.
Hawaiian Holdings, Inc.
Non-GAAP Financial Reconciliation
(in thousands, except per share and CASM data) (unaudited)
 
The Company evaluates its financial performance utilizing various GAAP and non-GAAP financial measures, including net income, diluted net income per share, CASM, PRASM, RASM, Passenger Revenue per RPM and EBITDAR. Pursuant to Regulation G, the Company has included the following reconciliation of reported non-GAAP financial measures to comparable financial measures reported on a GAAP basis. The adjustments are described below:

Changes in fair value of derivative contracts, net of tax, are based on market prices for open contracts as of the end of the reporting period. This line item includes the unrealized amounts of fuel and interest rate derivatives (not designated as hedges) that will settle in future periods and the reversal of prior period unrealized amounts. The Company believes that excluding the impact of these derivative adjustments allows investors to better analyze the Company's operational performance and compare its results to other airlines in the periods presented below.

Loss on extinguishment of debt, net of tax, is excluded to allow investors to better analyze the Company's operational performance and compare its results to other airlines in the periods presented below.




The Company accrued an additional $18.7 million related to (1) a one-time payment to reduce the future 401K employer contribution for certain pilot groups, and (2) a one-time true up of the pilot vacation accrual at the new negotiated contract rates. These one-time charges are considered special items by the Company and are not expected to represent ongoing expenses to the Company. The Company believes that excluding such special items allows investors to better analyze the Company's operational performance and compare its results to other airlines in the periods presented below.

 
 
Three months ended March 31,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
 
Total
 
Diluted Per Share
 
Total
 
Diluted Per Share
GAAP net income, as reported
 
$
36,912

 
$
0.68

 
$
51,466

 
$
0.95

Add: changes in fair value of derivative contracts
 
11,387

 
0.21

 
(16,960
)
 
(0.31
)
Add: loss on extinguishment of debt
 

 

 
3,350

 
0.06

Add: special items
 
18,679

 
0.35

 

 

Tax effect of adjustments
 
(11,001
)
 
(0.20
)
 
5,172

 
0.10

Adjusted net income
 
$
55,977

 
$
1.04

 
$
43,028

 
$
0.80


 
 
Three months ended March 31,
 
 
2017
 
2016
Income Before Income Taxes, as reported
 
$
51,482

 
$
83,104

Add: changes in fair value of derivative contracts
 
11,387

 
(16,960
)
Add: loss on extinguishment of debt
 

 
3,350

Add: special items
 
$
18,679

 
$

Adjusted Income Before Income Taxes
 
$
81,548

 
$
69,494


Operating Costs per Available Seat Mile (CASM)
The Company has separately listed in the table below its fuel costs per ASM and non-GAAP unit costs, excluding fuel and special items. These amounts are included in CASM, but for internal purposes the Company consistently uses cost metrics that exclude fuel and special items (if applicable) to measure and monitor its costs.

 
 
Three months ended March 31,
 
 
2017
 
2016 (a)
GAAP operating expenses
 
$
546,891

 
$
454,230

Less: aircraft fuel, including taxes and delivery
 
(103,538
)
 
(69,900
)
Less: special items
 
$
(18,679
)
 
$

Adjusted operating expenses - excluding aircraft fuel and special items
 
$
424,674

 
$
384,330

Available Seat Miles
 
4,522,353

 
4,368,096

CASM - GAAP
 

12.09
¢
 

10.40
¢
Less: aircraft fuel
 
(2.29
)
 
(1.60
)
Less: special items
 
(0.41
)
 

CASM - excluding aircraft fuel and special items
 

9.39
¢
 

8.80
¢

(a) The other components of net benefit cost are required to be presented in the income statement separately from the service cost component and outside a subtotal of income from operations, if one is presented. Accounting Standard Update 2017-07



(ASU 2017-07) is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption only permitted for the Company in the first quarter of 2017, provided all provisions of the ASU are adopted. The Company early adopted this standard during the first quarter of 2017. The adoption of ASU 2017-07 resulted in a reclassification of $5.1 million from wages and benefits to other components of net periodic benefit cost on the Company's consolidated statement of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2016.

 
 
Estimated three months ending
June 30, 2017
GAAP operating expenses
 
$
521,281

to
$
549,999

Less: aircraft fuel, including taxes and delivery
 
(104,903
)
to
(113,350
)
Adjusted operating expenses - excluding aircraft fuel
 
$
416,378

to
$
436,649

Available Seat Miles
 
4,687,625

to
4,778,647

CASM - GAAP
 

11.12
¢
to

11.51
¢
Less: aircraft fuel
 
(2.24
)
to
(2.37
)
CASM - excluding aircraft fuel
 

8.88
¢
to

9.14
¢
Given that the Company is providing only general directional guidance on its Full Year 2017 CASM excluding fuel and special items and Full Year 2017 CASM, it is unable to provide a meaningful reconciliation of these metrics.

Pre-tax margin
The Company excludes unrealized gains from fuel derivative contracts, losses on extinguishment of debt, and special items from pre-tax margin for the same reasons as described above.
 
 
Three months ended March 31,
 
 
2017
 
2016
Pre-Tax Margin, as reported
 
8.4
%
 
15.1
 %
Add: changes in fair value of derivative contracts
 
1.9
%
 
(3.1
)%
Add: loss on extinguishment of debt
 
%
 
0.6
 %
Add: special items
 
3.0
%
 
 %
Adjusted Pre-Tax Margin
 
13.3
%
 
12.6
 %

Leverage ratio
The Company uses adjusted total debt, including aircraft rent, in addition to long-term adjusted debt and capital leases, to represent long-term financial obligations. The Company excludes unrealized (gains) losses from fuel derivative contracts, losses on extinguishment of debt, and special items from earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization and rent (EBITDAR) for the reasons as described above. Management believes this metric is helpful to investors in assessing the Company’s overall debt.




 
 
Twelve months ended
 
 
March 31, 2017
Debt and capital lease obligations
 
$
535,528

Plus: Aircraft leases capitalized at 7x last twelve months' aircraft rent
 
898,184

Adjusted debt and capital lease obligations
 
$
1,433,712

 
 
 
EBITDAR:
 
 
Income Before Income Taxes
 
$
361,841

Add back:
 
 
Interest and amortization of debt discounts and issuance costs
 
33,498

Depreciation and amortization
 
108,451

Aircraft rent
 
128,312

EBITDAR
 
$
632,102

 
 
 
Adjustments:
 
 
Add: changes in fair value of derivative contracts
 
(19,330
)
Add: loss on extinguishment of debt
 
7,123

Add: special items
 
113,821

Adjusted EBITDAR
 
$
733,718

 
 
 
Leverage Ratio
 
2.0
x